district, administrative county of North Yorkshire, historic county of Yorkshire, England, named for a small dale and river draining into the Vale of Pickering. This predominantly rural district is the largest in North Yorkshire. It includes the Vale of Pickering and the ring of highlands that enclose it: the Hambleton and Howardian hills, the escarpment of the Yorkshire Wolds, and the heather-covered North York Moors. The moors, with elevations of more than 1,200 feet (370 metres) above sea level, are separated by deep, sheltered valleys and are preserved in the North York Moors National Park, about one-third of which lies within Ryedale district.

      In the Middle Ages markets came into being at Malton and the castle towns of Pickering, Kirkbymoorside, and Helmsley. Religious communities established houses in the area: a monastery at Lastingham dedicated to St. Cedd (654 CE); St. Gregory's Minster at Kirkdale; Cistercian abbeys at Rievaulx, Byland, and Rosedale; and Augustinian priories at Kirkham and Newburgh. The drainage of the marshes, begun by the monks, continued after the dissolution of the monasteries (1536), and lowland farming prospered. Wealthy landowners built country houses at Gilling East, Hovingham, and elsewhere.

      Sheep are still reared on moorland farms, and there is mixed farming on the hills and lower dales. Conifer plantations and limestone quarries exist near Pickering, light industries operate in some towns, and tourism is important to the economy. Area 583 square miles (1,510 square km). Pop. (2006 est.) 52,900.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Ryedale — District Status District Region Yorkshire and the Humber Zerem. Grafschaft North Yorkshire Trad. Grafschaft …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ryedale — Infobox UK district name = Ryedale District status = District region = Yorkshire and the Humber admincounty = North Yorkshire area = Ranked 7th 1,506.59 km² adminhq = Malton onscode = 36UF population = Ranked English district rank|ONS=36UF… …   Wikipedia

  • Ryedale local elections — Ryedale Council is elected every four years.Political controlIndependent 1973 1987No overall control 1987 1995Liberal Democrat 1995 1999No overall control 1999 presentCouncil electionsRyedale Council election 1999Ryedale Council election… …   Wikipedia

  • Ryedale (UK Parliament constituency) — UK constituency infobox Name = Ryedale Map1 = Ryedale Type = County Map2 = NorthYorkshire Entity = North Yorkshire County = North Yorkshire Year = 1983 MP = John Greenway Party = Conservative EP = Yorkshire and the HumberRyedale is a constituency …   Wikipedia

  • Ryedale Council election, 2007 — Elections to Ryedale Council were held on 3 May, 2007. The whole council was up for election and the council stayed under no overall control. 1 seat was vacant in Pickering East until a by election in June.Election ResultElection Summary Party… …   Wikipedia

  • Ryedale Council election, 2003 — Elections to Ryedale Council were held on 1 May, 2003. The whole council was up for election with boundary changes since the last election in 1999 increasing the number of seats by 7. The council stayed under no overall control.Election… …   Wikipedia

  • Ryedale Council election, 1999 — Elections to Ryedale Council were held on 6 May, 1999. The whole council was up for election and the council stayed under no overall control.Election ResultElection Summary Party party = Conservative Party (UK) seats = 11 gain = loss = net = +6… …   Wikipedia

  • Ryedale by-election, 1986 — The Ryedale by election took place on 8 May, 1986. It is the latest by election to have just three candidates standing. The seat was regained by the Conservatives at the 1987 general election by John Greenway.BackgroundIn the spring of 1986… …   Wikipedia

  • Middleton, Ryedale — Not to be confused with the hamlet of Middleton, Harrogate also in North Yorkshire. Coordinates: 54°15′30″N 0°48′00″W / 54.258470°N 0.799900°W …   Wikipedia

  • Marton, Ryedale — Coordinates: 54°14′21″N 0°52′27″W / 54.239280°N 0.874200°W / 54.239280; 0.874200 …   Wikipedia

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