Rouher, Eugène


Rouher, Eugène

▪ French statesman

born Nov. 30, 1814, Riom, Fr.
died Feb. 3, 1884, Paris
 French statesman who was highly influential as a conservative minister under the Second Empire and as a leader of the Bonapartist party under the Third Republic.

      He was elected to the National Assembly in 1848, and his conservative attitudes and fear of disorder led him to support Louis-Napoléon. Appointed minister of justice in 1849, he suppressed left-wing opposition, introduced the bill ending universal suffrage (May 1850), and was responsible for drawing up the constitution of the Second Empire (1852). After three years as vice president of the council of state, he was in 1855 made minister of agriculture, public works, and commerce. A vigorous proponent of private enterprise and free trade, he signed trade treaties with England (1860), Belgium (1861), and Italy (1863). As minister of state (the government's spokesman in the legislature, popularly dubbed the “Vice Emperor”) from 1863, he tried by every means to suppress the liberal movement; when it finally succeeded, he was forced to resign (1869) and became president of the Senate. After the fall of the Second Empire (1870), he served as a member of the National Assembly and the Chamber of Deputies (1872–82) and as leader of the Bonapartist party.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • ROUHER (E.) — ROUHER EUGÈNE (1814 1884) Cet Auvergnat de Riom n’est encore qu’un avocat de province, assuré d’une bonne clientèle, jusqu’au jour où la IIe République en fait un député. Rouher se rallie vite à Louis Napoléon, et il est, à deux reprises, chargé… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Eugène Rouher — (November 30, 1814 ndash; February 3, 1884) was a French statesman of the Second Empire.He was born at Riom (Puy de Dôme), where he practised law after taking his degree in Paris in 1835. In 1846 he sought election to the Chamber of Deputies as… …   Wikipedia

  • Rouher — (spr. Ruëh), Eugene, geb. 1813, wurde Advocat u. prakticirte in Riom; 1849 nahm er für das Departement Puy de Dome Theil an der Nationalversammlung u. trat in den Poitierverein; in die Gesetzgebende Versammlung gewählt, stimmte er mit der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Rouher — (spr. ru ǟr), Eugène, franz. Staatsmann, geb. 30. Nov. 1814 in Riom, gest. 3. Febr. 1884 in Paris, ward Advokat in Riom. 1848 in seiner Heimat zum Mitglied der Nationalversammlung gewählt, gehörte er anfangs zur republikanischen Partei, ging aber …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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