Robben Island


Robben Island

Afrikaans  Robbeneiland  

      island in Table Bay, Western Cape province, South Africa. It is 5 miles (8 km) west of the mainland and 6 miles (10 km) north of Cape Town and has an approximate area of 5 square miles (13 square km). Its name is the Dutch word for “seals,” once plentiful in the surrounding waters. The island was a common stopping point for passing ships in the 16th and early 17th centuries. After early efforts at settlement, it was made a Dutch and then a British penal colony. The island housed a leper colony from 1846 to 1931, and those judged insane were also sent there. A lighthouse was installed in 1864. Fortifications were erected during World War II, and from the mid-1960s to 1991 Robben Island served as South Africa's maximum-security prison. Most inmates, including Nelson Mandela (Mandela, Nelson), were black men incarcerated for political offenses. The last of these prisoners were released in 1991. The island continued to serve as a medium-security prison for criminal offenders until 1996. In 1997 it was turned into a museum and declared a national monument, and in 1999 it received designation as a World Heritage site.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Robben Island — Blick vom Tafelberg auf Robben Island Gewässer Tafelbucht …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robben Island — vue depuis la montagne de la Table. Géographie Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Robben Island — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Robben Island1 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Robben Island — Infobox World Heritage Site Name = Robben Island State Party = ZAF Type = Cultural Criteria = iii, vi ID = 916 Region = Africa Year = 1999 Session = 23rd Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/916Robben Island (Afrikaans Robbeneiland ) is an island …   Wikipedia

  • Robben Island — Rọbben Island   [ aɪlənd], kleine Insel nordwestlich von Kapstadt, Republik Südafrika, 9 km vor der Küste der Tafelbucht, 3 km lang, 1,2 km breit, bis 35 m über dem Meeresspiegel; diente seit 1658 als Gefängnis; u. a. war hier 1964 82 N. Mandela …   Universal-Lexikon

  • ROBBEN ISLAND —    a small island at the entrance of Table Bay, 10 m. NW. of Cape Town; has a lunatic asylum and a leper colony …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Robben Island — /rɒbən ˈaɪlənd/ (say robuhn uyluhnd) noun a small island in Table Bay 11 km off the Cape Peninsula; a penal settlement for political prisoners of South Africa …   Australian English dictionary

  • Robben (Begriffsklärung) — Robben bezeichnet: eine Tiergruppe, siehe Robben eine Fortbewegungsart, siehe Kriechen eine ehemalige Gefängnisinsel vor der Atlantikküste Südafrikas, siehe Robben Island (afrikaans: Robbeneiland) Robben ist der Familienname folgender Personen:… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Island — Ísland Island …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Isla Robben — Robben Island Nombre descrito en la Lista del Patrimonio de la Humanidad …   Wikipedia Español


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