Ritt, Martin

Ritt, Martin

▪ American director
born March 2, 1914/20?, New York, N.Y., U.S.
died Dec. 8, 1990, Santa Monica, Calif.

      American motion-picture director noted for his films on socially conscious themes.

      After studying at Elon College (North Carolina) and St. John's University in Brooklyn, N.Y., Ritt became interested in acting through his friend Elia Kazan and joined Lee Strasberg's Group Theater in 1937. He served in the U.S. Army Air Force during World War II and afterward returned to Broadway, where he began directing plays. A promising start in the new medium of television as both actor and director ended in 1951 when he was blacklisted for his former membership in the Communist Party, but he returned to directing plays on Broadway in 1955. He directed his first film, Edge of the City, in 1957 and directed in motion pictures thereafter, never returning to the theatre. His early films, including The Long Hot Summer (1958), were basically commercial vehicles, but he achieved a more personal vision with Hud (1963) and such films as The Spy Who Came In From the Cold (1965), Hombre (1967), The Molly Maguires (1970), The Great White Hope (1970), Sounder (1972), and Norma Rae (1979).

      The main characters in Ritt's films tend to be loners or underdogs whose ethical scruples place them at odds with the dubious values of society. Ritt retold the story of his own blacklisting in the comedy The Front (1976).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • RITT, MARTIN — (1914–1990), U.S. director, producer, actor. Born in Manhattan s Lower East Side, Ritt attended Elon College in North Carolina, where he played football and boxed. He was occasionally teased for being Jewish but had a good sense of humor and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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  • Ritt, Martin — ► (1920 90) Director de cine estadounidense. Procedía del campo de la televisión. Películas: El largo y cálido verano (1957) y Cinco mujeres marcadas (1960), entre otras …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Martin Ritt — Born March 2, 1914(1914 03 02) New York City, New York Died December 8, 1990(1990 12 08) (aged 76) …   Wikipedia

  • Martin Ritt — Données clés Naissance 2 mars 1914 New York (État de New York) États Unis Nationalité Américaine Déc …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Martin Ritt — (Nueva York, 2 de marzo de 1914– Santa Mónica, California, 8 de diciembre de 1990) fue un director, actor y guionista estadounidense que trabajó en cine y teatro. Contenido 1 Primeros años 2 Televisión y la lista negra …   Wikipedia Español

  • Martin Ritt — (* 2. März 1914 in New York City; † 8. Dezember 1990 in Santa Monica, Kalifornien) war ein amerikanischer Filmregisseur. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Filmographie 2.1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ritt Bjerregaard — (* 19. Mai 1941 in Kopenhagen) ist eine dänische sozialdemokratische Politikerin. Sie war mehrfach Ministerin, vier Jahre lang EU Kommissarin und von 2006 bis 2009 Oberbürgermeisterin Kopenhagens. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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