Ripon

Ripon

 cathedral city, Harrogate borough, administrative county of North Yorkshire, historic county of Yorkshire, England. It lies in the upper valley of the River Ure, 27 miles (43 km) north of Leeds. St. Eata, abbot of Melrose, founded a Celtic monastery there about 651. About 10 years later St. Wilfrid (Wilfrid, Saint) founded a Benedictine monastery and became its abbot, and he also built a famous church, whose crypt may still be seen under the present-day cathedral; Wilfrid's church and monastery were destroyed by the Danes in the 9th century. The principal attraction of modern Ripon is its cathedral, which was constructed between 1154 and 1520 and displays styles from late Norman to Perpendicular Gothic. The city also has a spacious market square and is a local service and tourist centre for Yorkshire Dales National Park. The impressive ruins of Fountains Abbey, a Cistercian monastery, stand 3 miles (5 km) southwest of Ripon. Pop. (2001) 15,922.

      city, Fond du Lac county, east-central Wisconsin, U.S. It lies 20 miles (30 km) west of Fond du Lac and 80 miles (130 km) northwest of Milwaukee. In 1844 the Wisconsin Phalanx, a group of followers of the 19th-century French socialist philosopher Charles Fourier (Fourier, Charles), organized a communal settlement there known as Ceresco (for Ceres, Roman goddess of agriculture). It was disbanded in 1851 and absorbed in 1853 by the adjacent settlement of Ripon (founded 1849). The latter, named for Ripon in North Yorkshire, England, was incorporated in 1858 and became a stronghold of the abolition movement. On May 20, 1854, in a frame schoolhouse on the campus of Ripon College (founded in 1851, opened as a preparatory school in 1853, and reorganized as a college in 1863), antislavery members of the Democratic (Democratic Party), Whig (Whig Party), and Free-Soil (Free-Soil Party) parties held a meeting at which a new political party was proposed. This was the origin of the Republican Party, which came to power in 1861 under Abraham Lincoln (Lincoln, Abraham). The Little White Schoolhouse is maintained as a museum and claimed as the birthplace of the Republican Party (although the convention that actually launched the party took place in Jackson, Michigan, on July 6, 1854).

      Ripon's economy depends on food processing (particularly cookies), the manufacture of washing machines and dryers, and advertising specialties. Area agriculture includes dairying, corn (maize), soybeans, vegetables, and livestock. Annual events include a jazz festival (June) and RiponFest (July). Ripon was the birthplace of the American suffragist leader Carrie Chapman Catt (Catt, Carrie Chapman). Pop. (1990) 7,241; (2000) 6,828.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Ripon — Marktplatz Koordinaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ripon — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ripon — Ripon, WI U.S. city in Wisconsin Population (2000): 6828 Housing Units (2000): 3118 Land area (2000): 4.233734 sq. miles (10.965319 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.023855 sq. miles (0.061785 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.257589 sq. miles (11.027104… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Ripon, CA — U.S. city in California Population (2000): 10146 Housing Units (2000): 3446 Land area (2000): 4.101883 sq. miles (10.623829 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.071817 sq. miles (0.186006 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.173700 sq. miles (10.809835 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Ripon, WI — U.S. city in Wisconsin Population (2000): 6828 Housing Units (2000): 3118 Land area (2000): 4.233734 sq. miles (10.965319 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.023855 sq. miles (0.061785 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.257589 sq. miles (11.027104 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Ripon [2] — Ripon (spr. rippen), 1) Stadt (city) im Westbezirk der engl. Grafschaft York, am Ure, ist Sitz eines Bischofs, hat eine kleine, aber wegen der verschiedenen Stilarten merkwürdige Kathedrale (aus dem 12.–16. Jahrh., 1862–72 von Scott restauriert) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ripon —   [ rɪpən], Stadt in der County North Yorkshire, Nordengland, am Ure, 12 500 Einwohner. Von der Kirche des im 7. Jahrhundert gegründeten Augustinerstifts ist nur die Kryptenanlage erhalten und in den 1180 begonnenen frühgotischen Neubau… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ripon [1] — Ripon, Stadt im West Riding der englischen Grafschaft York, zwischen den Flüssen Ure u. Skell u. an der Eisenbahn von Leeds nach Durham; Kathedrale, Theater, Woll u. Leinweberei; 6000 Ew. R. sendet zwei Mitglieder ins Unterhaus u. gibt der Famlie …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ripon [2] — Ripon, Gaf von R., so v.w. Goderich …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ripon [1] — Ripon, 1862 von Speke zuerst besuchte Fälle des Nils (s. d., S. 699), die der Fluß bald nach seinem Austritt aus dem Viktoriasee, 150 m breit und 5 m hoch, unter etwa 1/2° nördl. Br. bildet …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ripon [3] — Ripon (spr. rippen), 1) Frederick John Robinson, Viscount Goderich, Graf von, engl. Staatsmann, jüngerer Sohn Lord Granthams, geb. 1. Nov. 1782, gest. 28. Jan. 1859, ward 1806 Mitglied des Unterhauses, war 1809 einige Monate Unterstaatssekretär,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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