right, petition of


right, petition of

▪ English law
      legal petition asserting a right against the English crown, the most notable example being the Petition of Right of 1628, which Parliament sent to Charles I complaining of a series of breaches of law. The term also referred to the procedure (abolished in 1947) by which a subject could sue the crown.

      At common law the crown, or the sovereign in his official capacity, could not be sued in the king's (king) courts. Since the king was, historically, the supreme lord of those courts, administering justice in them between his subjects, he was not subject to their jurisdiction. Hence it became a practice, whenever a subject's real or personal property had come into the possession of the king or his servants without legal right, for the subject to petition the king in council for its restoration. The king then might or might not, at his discretion, refer the suppliant's petition to one of his courts, usually to the old Court of Exchequer, with a writ directing the judges to do what was just (fiat justitia). In the late 19th century the tasks of deciding whether there was cause for action and of issuing the fiat justitia were left, respectively, to the attorney general and the home secretary.

      Although judgment was given in the ordinary manner, the execution of the judgment presented certain difficulties because the courts could not decree execution against the crown and its servants. By the end of the 19th century, judgments in favour of the suppliant were certified by the court to the treasury with the stipulation that they be satisfied out of public funds. In 1947 a new pattern for remedies against the crown was established, doing away with the petition of right.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • pétition — [ petisjɔ̃ ] n. f. • XIIIe; peticiun « demande, requête » au sens génér. 1120; lat. petitio, de petere « chercher à atteindre » 1 ♦ Dr. Requête, réclamation faite en justice. 2 ♦ (1661) PÉTITION DE PRINCIPE : faute logique par laquelle on tient… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Petition of right — Petition Pe*ti tion, n. [F. p[ e]tition, L. petitio, fr. petere, petitum, to beg, ask, seek; perh. akin to E. feather, or find.] 1. A prayer; a supplication; an imploration; an entreaty; especially, a request of a solemn or formal kind; a prayer… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Petition — Pe*ti tion, n. [F. p[ e]tition, L. petitio, fr. petere, petitum, to beg, ask, seek; perh. akin to E. feather, or find.] 1. A prayer; a supplication; an imploration; an entreaty; especially, a request of a solemn or formal kind; a prayer to the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • right of petition — right of petition: a right guaranteed by the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution to petition the government for a redress of grievances Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • petition of right — originally, the means of proceeding against the Crown in a civil action (e.g. breach of contract). The petition of right procedure was rendered obsolete by the passing of the Crown Proceedings Act 1947. Collins dictionary of law. W. J. Stewart.… …   Law dictionary

  • right — / rīt/ n [Old English riht, from riht righteous] 1 a: qualities (as adherence to duty or obedience to lawful authority) that together constitute the ideal of moral propriety or merit moral approval b: something that is morally just able to… …   Law dictionary

  • Right of petition — (engl., spr. Reiht of Pitisch n), Petitionsrecht Right of search (spr. Reiht of Sersch), Durchsuchungsrecht …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Petition of right — (engl., spr. pĭtisch n ŏf reit, d.i. Bittschrift um Herstellung des Rechts), die 1628 vom engl. Parlament dem König Karl I. vorgelegte Beschwerdeschrift, von diesem 7. Juni in allen Punkten (Abgaben an den König nur mit Bewilligung des Parlaments …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Petition of Right —   [pɪ tɪʃn əv raɪt; englisch »Bittschrift um Herstellung des Rechts«], von Sir E. Coke am 8. 5. 1628 im englischen Unterhaus formulierte, am 28. 5. von beiden Häusern verabschiedete und am 7. 6. von Karl I. angenommene Bittschrift, in der der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Right to petition — The right to petition is the freedom of individuals (and sometimes groups and corporations) to petition their government for a correction or repair of some form of injustice without fear of punishment for the same. Although often overlooked in… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.