Rauschenbusch, Walter


Rauschenbusch, Walter

▪ American minister
born Oct. 4, 1861, Rochester, N.Y., U.S.
died July 25, 1918, Rochester

      clergyman and theology professor who led the Social Gospel movement in the United States.

      The son of a Lutheran missionary to German immigrants in the United States, Rauschenbusch graduated from the Rochester Free Academy and then studied for four years in Germany, returning in 1883 to simultaneously finish at the University of Rochester and begin seminary training. On June 1, 1886, he was ordained a minister of the Second German Baptist Church in New York City, where he became aware of social problems from the personal distress he encountered in a depressed neighbourhood and from the mayoral campaign based on a social-welfare platform by the economist Henry George. Even more influential were two young Baptist preachers, Leighton Williams and Nathaniel Schmidt. With Rauschenbusch they formed a Society of Jesus, later expanded into the Brotherhood of the Kingdom. For the Right, a monthly periodical “in the interests of the working people,” was launched in November 1889 in an effort to reach the labouring classes and to aid in the formulation of a Christian socialist program. Publication ceased in March 1891 when Rauschenbusch left for a year of study in Germany and a visit to England, where he became interested in Fabian socialism. In 1897 he joined the faculty of Rochester Theological Seminary and in 1902 became professor of church history.

      Upon the publication of Christianity and the Social Crisis (1907), Rauschenbusch gained recognition as the major spokesman of the Social Gospel movement in the United States. Considered both dynamic and compassionate, he always regarded himself as an evangelist seeking to win men to a “new birth” in Christ. At the same time, he believed that the Kingdom of God required social as well as individual salvation, and he demanded “a new order that would rest on the Christian principles of equal rights and democratic distribution of economic power.” Among Rauschenbusch's other writings are Prayers of the Social Awakening (1910), Christianizing the Social Order (1912), and A Theology for the Social Gospel (1917).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Walter Rauschenbausch — Walter Rauschenbusch Walter Rauschenbusch (Rochester, 4 octobre 1861 25 juillet 1918) était un théologien américain. Rauschenbusch a débuté son pastorat dans la Seconde Église Baptiste Allemande de New York, dans un pauvre et dangereux quartier… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Walter Rauschenbusch — (* 4. Oktober 1861 in Rochester (New York); † 25. Juli 1918 ebenda) war ein amerikanischer baptistischer Theologe und Hauptvertreter des Social Gospel. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Bedeutung 3 Werke …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Walter Rauschenbusch — (Rochester, 4 octobre 1861 25 juillet 1918) était un théologien américain. Rauschenbusch a débuté son pastorat dans la Seconde Église Baptiste Allemande de New York, dans un pauvre et dangereux quartier appelé “Hell s Kitchen”, (La Cuisine du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rauschenbusch — ist der Name von August Rauschenbusch (1816–1899), baptistischer Theologe Walter Rauschenbusch (1861–1918), amerikanischer baptistischer Theologe und Hauptvertreter des Social Gospel Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Walter Rauschenbusch — Infobox Person name = Walter Rauschenbusch image size = caption = birth name = birth date = October 4, 1861 birth place = death date = July 25, 1918 death place = death cause = resting place = resting place coordinates = residence = nationality …   Wikipedia

  • Rauschenbusch — /row sheuhn boosh /, n. Walter, 1861 1918, U.S. clergyman and social reformer. * * * …   Universalium

  • Rauschenbusch — /row sheuhn boosh /, n. Walter, 1861 1918, U.S. clergyman and social reformer …   Useful english dictionary

  • August Rauschenbusch — Karl August Heinrich Rauschenbusch (* 13. Februar 1816 in Herford; † 5. Dezember 1899 in Wandsbek) war ein baptistischer Theologe, der seinerzeit in den USA und in Deutschland zu den führenden Persönlichkeiten innerhalb seiner …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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