Ramus, Petrus


Ramus, Petrus

▪ French philosopher
(Latin),French  Pierre De La Ramée  
born 1515, Cuts, Picardy, Fr.
died Aug. 26, 1572, Paris

      French philosopher, logician, and rhetorician.

      Educated at Cuts and later at the Collège de Navarre, in Paris, Ramus became master of arts in 1536. He taught a reformed version of Aristotelian logic (logic, history of) at the Collège du Mans, in Paris, and at the Collège de l'Ave Maria, where he worked with Audomarus Talaeus (Omer Talon). Talaeus, under Ramus' influence, reformed Ciceronian rhetoric upon the principles applied by Ramus to the rearrangement of Aristotle's Organon. These innovations so provoked the orthodox Aristotelian philosophers at the University of Paris that they induced Francis I in 1544 to suppress Ramus' works on the reformed logic and forbid him to teach that subject. Cardinal Charles de Lorraine used his influence with Henry II to have the ban against Ramus lifted (1547), and in 1551 Ramus was appointed regius professor of philosophy and eloquence at the Collège de France. About 1561 he was converted to Protestantism, and the last years of his life were marked by mounting persecution from his academic and ecclesiastical enemies. He was murdered by hired assassins two days after the outbreak of the Massacre of St. Bartholomew's Day.

      Ramus, identifying logic with dialectic, neglected the traditional role that logic played as a method of inquiry and emphasized instead the equally traditional view that logic is the method of disputation, its two parts being invention, the process of discovering proofs in support of the thesis, and disposition, which taught how the materials of invention should be arranged.

      Ramus' logic had an enormous vogue in Europe during the 16th and 17th centuries. He was a prolific writer; among his most celebrated works are Dialecticae partitiones (1543), Aristotelicae animadversiones (1543), Dialectique (1555), and Dialecticae libri duo (1556).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Ramus, Petrus — Ramus, Petrus, Humanist, s. Ramée 1) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ramus, Petrus — (Pierre de la Ramée, 1515 1572)    French philosopher, humanist, teacher, and Protestant martyr, known in his own time mainly as a critic of traditional Aristotelian logic and the whole Aristotelian philosophical tradition. He also criticized the …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • RAMUS, Petrus (Pierre de la Ramee) — (1515 1572) Petrus Ramus broke with the medieval philosophical dependence upon Ar­istotle, developing an inductive logical method that became common not only in philosophy and Protestant (Reformed) theology, but also in other disciplines. A… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Petrus — comes from the Greek meaning rock , and is the common English prefix petro used to describe rock based substances, like petros oleum or rock oil. As the source of Peter, it is a common name for people from antiquity through the medieval era, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Ramus — Ramus, Petrus, eigentlich Pierre de la Ramée, Philosoph, geb. 1515 zu Cuth in Vermandois, lehrte seit 1551 Dialektik und Rhetorik an der Universität zu Paris, eifriger Gegner der aristotelisch scholastischen Philosophie, als Calvinist in der… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ramus — Ramus, Petrus, latinis. Name des Pierre de la Ramée, bekannt durch seinen Kampf gegen den Scholasticismus, geb. 1515 in einem Dorfe der Picardie, lehrte Philosophie zu Paris, wurde 1551 durch Vermittlung des Cardinals von Lothringen Professor der …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Ramus — I Ramus   [lateinisch »Zweig«] der, /...mi, Anatomie: Nerven , Blutgefäß oder Bronchialast; auch die Seitenverzweigung der Vogelfeder.   II Ramus,   Petrus, eigentlich Pierre de la Ramée [ra me], französischer Humanist und …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Petrus Ramus — Petrus Ramus, or Pierre de la Ramée (1515 ndash; August 26, 1572), French humanist, logician, and educational reformer, was born at the village of Cuts in Picardy, a member of a noble but impoverished family: his father was a farmer and his… …   Wikipedia

  • Ramus — kann verschiedene Bedeutungen haben: In der Anatomie wird Ramus (lat. für „Ast“) in verschiedenen anatomischen Namen verwendet: als Bezeichnung für kleinere Arterien, Venen oder Nerven als Teil bestimmter Knochen, z. B. Unterkieferast (Ramus …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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