Ramses XI

Ramses XI

▪ king of Egypt
flourished 11th century BCE

      king of ancient Egypt (Egypt, ancient) (reigned 1104–1075? BCE), last king of the 20th dynasty (Egypt, ancient) (1190–1075 BCE), whose reign was marked by civil wars involving the high priest of Amon and the viceroy of Nubia. At the end of his reign, new dynasties were founded in Upper (Upper Egypt) and Lower Egypt.

      During his reign, marauding bands of Libyans caused much of the population of western Thebes to take refuge within the fortified temple of Ramses III at Madīnat Habu, and at various periods there was no high priest of Amon; even the high priest Amenhotep was ousted from office for eight months.

      With the high priest's eviction, Theban society disintegrated into near anarchy; tomb robbery became rife, penetrating even the Valley of the Kings (Kings, Valley of the). Gangs crossed the river from eastern Thebes to participate in the looting. On the west bank the funerary temples of the 19th and 20th dynasties (see ancient Egypt: The Ramesside period [19th and 20th dynasties] (Egypt, ancient)) were plundered by the priests and necropolis staff. Amenhotep appears to have been restored to his office by the viceroy of Kush, Pinhasy, who later rebelled against Ramses XI and wrested control of the Theban region. Beginning in the 19th year of the king's reign, Herihor, a new leader, restored order and became high priest of Amon.

      Herihor soon arrogated the titles held earlier by Pinhasy and even added the vizier's title. In the temple of Khons at Thebes, he actually usurped the full royal titulary. When he died he was succeeded as high priest by the general Piankh, without ever having quite secured the full kingship except in his Theban bailiwick. Piankh waged an unsuccessful war against Pinhasy in Nubia, losing the province for Egypt.

      Ramses XI completed at least 27 years of rule; at his death his Theban tomb lay unfinished and remained unoccupied, and Egypt passed to two new separate dynasties.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Ramses II — Ramsès II Articles de la série Pharaon Classements alphabétique chronologique Dynasties 0  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ramsès 2 — Ramsès II Articles de la série Pharaon Classements alphabétique chronologique Dynasties 0  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ramses IX — Ramsès IX Articles de la série Pharaon Classements alphabétique chronologique Dynasties 0  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ramsés IX — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Estela de Ramsés IX. Metropolitan Museum. Neferkara Setepenra Ramsés, o Ramsés IX fue el octavo faraón de la dinastía XX de Egipto, gobernando de c. 1126 a 1108 a. C …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ramses VI — Ramsès VI Articles de la série Pharaon Classements alphabétique chronologique Dynasties 0  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ramsés — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ramsés es la forma helenizada del antiguo nombre egipcio Ra mss (engendrado por Ra) que reciben varios faraones: Pertenecientes a la dinastía XIX de Egipto: Ramsés I, Menpehtyra Ramsés, el faraón fundador de la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ramses — ist der Eigenname folgender Pharaonen: Ramses I. Men pehti Re Ramses II. User maat Re setep en Re (Ramses der Große) Ramses III. User maat Re meri Amun Ramses IV. Heqa maat Re setep en Amun Ramses V. Se cheper en Re Ramses VI. Neb maat Re meri… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ramses — Ramsès Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Articles de la série Pharaon Classements alphabétique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • RAMSÈS II — Il est impossible de parler de Ramsès II sans évoquer l’histoire de toute la XIXe dynastie manéthonienne. Le règne de Ramsès II n’est que le prolongement de l’œuvre accomplie par les deux premiers pharaons ramessides. La postérité a souvent… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ramses IV — Ramsès IV Articles de la série Pharaon Classements alphabétique chronologique Dynasties 0  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ramsés VI — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ramsés VI, Museo del Louvre …   Wikipedia Español


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