Ramos, Graciliano

Ramos, Graciliano

▪ Brazilian author
born Oct. 27, 1892, Quebrângulo, Braz.
died March 20, 1953, Rio de Janeiro

      Brazilian regional novelist whose works explore the lives of characters shaped by the rural misery of northeastern Brazil.

      Ramos spent most of his life in Palmeira dos Índios, in the northeastern Brazilian state of Alagoas, where he was proprietor of a general store and mayor. His memoirs, Infância (1945; “Childhood”), describe the hazards of his family's fortunes in the drought-stricken area, his meagre schooling, and the education he pieced together for himself by reading the works of Émile Zola, José Maria de Eça de Queirós, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, and Maksim Gorky.

      In 1934 he published São Bernardo, the reflections of Paulo Honório, who has risen by methods ranging from petty deceit to murder to become master of the plantation St. Bernard, where he was once a hired hand.

      In 1936 Ramos was arrested and imprisoned on a penal island. Though he was likely detained on suspicion of being a communist, no explanation for his arrest was ever given. (He later joined the Communist Party in 1945.) On his release from prison he settled in Rio de Janeiro, where he earned a marginal income as a federal inspector of education. In 1938 he published his most widely read novel, Vidas sêcas (Barren Lives), a story of a peasant family's flight from drought. His Memórias do cárcere (1953; “Prison Memoirs”) was published posthumously.

Additional Reading
Celso Lemos de Oliveira, Understanding Graciliano Ramos (1988).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ramos, Graciliano — (1892–1953)    Brazilian author, journalist, and political activist. Born in Quebrangulo, in the northern state of Alagoas, where his father was in business. Ramos spent his early years in the nordestino of Brazil, a region of the country known… …   Historical Dictionary of the “Dirty Wars”

  • Graciliano Ramos — Nacimiento 27 de octubre de 1892 Quebrangulo (Alagoas) Defunción 20 de marzo de 1953 (60 años) Río de Janeiro (Río de Janeiro) Ocupación …   Wikipedia Español

  • Graciliano Ramos — (born in Quebrângulo, state of Alagoas, October 27, 1892, died in Rio de Janeiro, March 20, 1953) was widely considered one of the most important Brazilian authors of the 20th century. He was a seminal voice in the literary regionalism movement.… …   Wikipedia

  • Graciliano Ramos — de Oliveira (Quebrangulo, 27 octobre 1892 Rio de Janeiro, 20 mars 1953) était un écrivain brésilien. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Le style …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Graciliano Ramos — (* 27. Oktober 1892 in Quebrangulo/Alagoas in Brasilien; † 20. März 1953 in Rio de Janeiro) war ein brasilianischer Erzähler und Autor. In seinen Romanen und autobiografischen Werken schilderte Ramos die Entwicklung Nordost Brasiliens.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • brazil — /breuh zil /, n. brazilwood. [1350 1400; ME brasile < ML < It < Sp brasil, deriv. of brasa live coal (the wood being red in color) < Gmc; see BRAISE] * * * Brazil Introduction Brazil Background: Following three centuries under the rule of… …   Universalium

  • Brazil — Brazilian /breuh zil yeuhn/, adj., n. /breuh zil /, n. a republic in South America. 164,511,366; 3,286,170 sq. mi. (8,511,180 sq. km). Cap.: Brasília. Portuguese and Spanish, Brasil. Official name, Federative Republic of Brazil. * * * Brazil… …   Universalium

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