Rahman, Mujibur

Rahman, Mujibur

▪ president of Bangladesh
also called  Sheikh Mujib 
born March 17, 1920, Tungipara, India
died August 15, 1975, Dacca, Bangladesh

      Bengali leader and first prime minister (1972–75) and later president (1975) of Bangladesh.

      Mujib, the son of a middle-class landowner, studied law and political science at the Universities of Calcutta and Dacca. Although jailed briefly as a teenager for agitating for Indian independence, he began his formal political career as a cofounder of the Awami League in 1949. The league advocated political autonomy for East Pakistan, the detached eastern part of the nation of Pakistan. Mujib's arrest in the late 1960s incited mob violence that eroded the Pakistani president's authority in East Pakistan. In the elections of December 1970, Mujib's Awami League secured a majority of the seats in the National Assembly, and Mujib demanded independence for East Pakistan. Troops from West Pakistan were sent to regain control of the eastern province but were defeated with the help of India. East Pakistan, renamed Bangladesh, was proclaimed an independent republic in 1971, and in January 1972 Mujib, recently released from prison, became the country's first prime minister. With increasing problems, Mujib took tighter control and assumed the presidency in January 1975. He, along with most of his family, was killed in a coup d'état just seven months later. His daughter, Sheikh Hasina Wazed (Hasina Wazed, Sheikh), who was out of the country at the time of the overthrow, served as prime minister of Bangladesh from 1996 to 2001.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • RAHMAN (M.) — RAHMAN MUJIBUR (1920 1975) Né à Tungipara, district de Faridpur (Bengale oriental), Mujibur Rahman, leader bengali, est devenu le premier président du Bangladesh en 1972. Étant étudiant à Isl m b d et à Dacca, il s’engage dans la lutte contre le… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Mujibur Rahman — (1950) Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (Bengalisch: মুজিবুর রহমান, Mujibur Rahmān; * 17. März 1920 im Dorf Tungipara, Distrikt Gopalganj; † 15. August 1975 in Dhaka) gilt als Initiator …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mujibur Rahman — (en bengalî : শেখ মুজিবর রহমান), né le 17 mars 1920, mort le 15 août 1975, est le père fondateur du Bangladesh. Rahman est né à Tongipara dans le district de Faridpur dans le Bengale oriental. En décembre 1970 ont lieu… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mujibur Rahman —   [mu dʒibur rax man], Scheich, Politiker in Ostpakistan (später Bangladesh), * Tungipura 17. 3. 1920, ✝ Dhaka 15. 8. 1975; trat als einer der führenden Politiker der Awami Liga (seit 1966 deren Präsident) für die Autonomie, später für die… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Rahman —   [rax man], Scheich Mujibur, Politiker in Bangladesh, Mujibur Rahman, Scheich …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Rahman — (cheikh Mujibur) (1920 1975) homme politique bangladais. Dirigeant de la ligue Awami, il proclama l indépendance du Pakistan oriental en mars 1971 et fut le premier chef du nouvel état, le Bangladesh. Il fut tué lors d un coup d état …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Rahman — ar Rahman ist ein arabischer Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 3 Orte 4 Siehe auch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rahman (name) — Infobox Given Name Revised name = Rahman imagesize= caption= pronunciation= gender = Male meaning = region = origin = Arabic related names = Rahim footnotes = : For other meanings, see Rahman (disambiguation). Rahman is the transliteration of an… …   Wikipedia

  • Mujibur Rahman — /ˈmudʒibə reɪəˈman/ (say moohjeebuh rayuh mahn) noun (Sheikh Mujib), 1920–75, Bangladeshi politician; a leader of the campaign for independence of East Pakistan (Bangladesh); first prime minister of Bangladesh 1972–75; assassinated …   Australian English dictionary

  • Mujibur Rahman — …   Useful english dictionary

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