- Radcliffe-Brown, A.R.
▪ British anthropologistin full Alfred Reginald Radcliffe-Brownborn Jan. 17, 1881, Birmingham, Warwick, Eng.died Oct. 24, 1955, LondonEnglish social anthropologist of the 20th century who developed a systematic framework of concepts and generalizations relating to the social structures (cultural anthropology) of preindustrial societies and their functions. He is widely known for his theory of functionalism and his role in the founding of British social anthropology.Radcliffe-Brown went to the Andaman Islands (1906–08), where his fieldwork won him a fellowship at Trinity College, Cambridge. On an expedition to Western Australia (1910–12), he concentrated on kinship and family organization. He became director of education for the kingdom of Tonga (1916) and served as professor of social anthropology at the University of Cape Town (1920–25), where he founded the School of African Life and Languages. His study The Andaman Islanders (1922; new ed. 1964) contained the essential formulation of his ideas and methods.At the University of Sydney (1925–31) he developed a vigorous teaching program involving research in theoretical and applied anthropology. His theory had its classic formulation and application in The Social Organisation of Australian Tribes (1931). Treating all Aboriginal Australia known at the time, the work cataloged, classified, analyzed, and synthesized a vast amount of data on kinship, marriage, language, custom, occupancy and possession of land, sexual patterns, and cosmology. He attempted to explain social phenomena as enduring systems of adaptation, fusion, and integration of elements. He held that social structures are arrangements of persons and that organizations are the arrangements of activities; thus, the life of a society may be viewed as an active system of functionally consistent, interdependent elements.At the University of Chicago (1931–37) Radcliffe-Brown was instrumental in introducing social anthropology to American scholars. Returning to England in 1937, he joined the faculty of the University of Oxford (1937–46). His later works include Structure and Function in Primitive Society (1952), Method in Social Anthropology (1958), and an edited collection of essays entitled African Systems of Kinship and Marriage (1950), which remains a landmark in African studies.
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RADCLIFFE-BROWN (A. R.) — Il est sans doute trop tôt pour tenter d’évaluer ce qui survivra de l’œuvre, relativement dédaignée aujourd’hui, de Radcliffe Brown. Celui qui fut l’un des plus prestigieux chefs de file de l’école anthropologique britannique entre les deux… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Radcliffe-Brown — Radcliffe Brown, Alfred Reginald … Enciclopedia Universal
Radcliffe-Brown — (Alfred Reginald) (1881 1955) anthropologue britannique; chef de file de l école fonctionnaliste: Structure et fonction dans la société primitive (1952) … Encyclopédie Universelle
Radcliffe-Brown — [ rædklɪf braʊn], Alfred Reginald, britischer Ethnologe, * Birmingham 17. 1. 1881, ✝ London 24. 10. 1955; einer der Hauptvertreter der britischen Ethnologie; neben B. Malinowski Mitbegründer des sozialwissenschaftlichen Funktionalismus; gilt… … Universal-Lexikon
Radcliffe-Brown — Radcliffe Brown, Alfred Reginald … Dictionary of sociology
Radcliffe-Brown — Alfred Radcliffe Brown. Alfred Reginald Radcliffe Brown (* 17. Januar 1881 in Birmingham, England; † 24. Oktober 1955 in London) war ein Pionier der britischen Sozialanthropologie und Mitbegründer des Strukturfunktionalismus … Deutsch Wikipedia
Radcliffe-Brown — Alfred Radcliffe Brown Pour les articles homonymes, voir Radcliffe. A.R. Radcliffe Brown Alfred Reginald Radcliffe Brown (Birmingham … Wikipédia en Français
Radcliffe-Brown — /ˌrædklɪf ˈbraʊn/ (say .radklif brown) noun Alfred Reginald, 1881–1955, British social anthropologist; noted for study of Australian Aborigines … Australian English dictionary
Radcliffe-Brown, Alfred Reginald — (1881 1955) Radcliffe Brown was one of the most influential of the founding figures of social anthropology , through his teaching in universities in England, North America, South Africa, and Australia. He was less noted for his field studies than … Dictionary of sociology
Radcliffe-Brown, A(lfred) R(eginald) — born Jan. 17, 1881, Birmingham, Warwick, Eng. died Oct. 24, 1955, London British social anthropologist. He taught at the universities of Cape Town, Sydney, Chicago, and Oxford. In his version of functionalism, he viewed the component parts of… … Universalium