Quwatli, Shukri al-


Quwatli, Shukri al-

▪ president of Syria
born 1891, Damascus [Syria]
died June 30, 1967, Beirut, Leb.
 statesman who led the anticolonialist movement in Syria and became the nation's first president.

      Quwatli entered Syrian politics in the 1930s as a member of the National Bloc, an Arab group that led the opposition to French rule. Quwatli assumed leadership of the movement in 1940. His tolerance for the corruption of his associates helped keep him in power. The National Bloc remained the dominant expression of Syrian nationalism, and, when Syria became independent in 1943, the bloc helped elect Quwatli president. His major concern was to conclude a treaty with France, which had exercised control over Syria for more than 20 years. This was accomplished with British help, and by 1946 all foreign troops had left. In 1947 Quwatli enacted an amendment that removed a one-term limit from the constitution, and he was reelected in 1948.

      Because of the Israeli victory over Arab forces (1948), as well as dissatisfaction with Quwatli's rule, he was overthrown by a military coup in March 1949. After a short imprisonment, he went into exile in Egypt, waiting for a chance to regain his position, while a series of coups paralyzed Syrian political life. Free elections once again took place in 1955, and Quwatli, at the head of the National Party (the successor to the National Bloc), was elected president. By then his post was largely ceremonial, however, and he had little influence on Syria's domestic politics thereafter.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shukri al-Kuwatli — Schukri al Quwatli (arabisch ‏شكري القوتلي‎, DMG Šukrī al Qūwatlī, auch Shukri al Kuwatli; * 1891 in Damaskus, Syrien; † 30. Juni 1967 in Beirut …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Shukri al-Quwatli — Infobox President name = Shukri al Quwatli شكري القوتلي imagesize = order = President of Syria primeminister = vicepresident = term start = August 17 1943 term end = March 30 1949 predecessor = Ata Bay al Ayyubi successor = Husni al Za im… …   Wikipedia

  • Shukri al-Kuwatli — Archivo:Shukri al quwatli.jpeg Fotografía oficial de Shukri al Kuwatli. Shukri al Kuwatli (Damasco, Siria, 1891 30 de junio de 1967, Beirut, Líbano) (en árabe: شكري القوتلي) fue el presidente de Siria entre 1943 y 1949 y entre 1955 y 1958.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Schukri al-Quwatli — (arabisch ‏شكري القوتلي‎, DMG Šukrī al Qūwatlī, auch Shukri al Kuwatli; * 1891 in Damaskus, Syrien; † 30. Juni 1967 in Beirut, Libanon) war syrischer Staatspräsident von 1943 bis 1949 und 1955 bis 1958. Schukri al Quwatli war ein syrischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kuwatli — Shukri al Kuwatli Schukri al Quwatli (arabisch ‏شكري القوتلي‎, DMG Šukrī al Qūwatlī, auch Shukri al Kuwatli; * 1891 in Damaskus, Syrien; † 30. Juni 1967 in Beirut …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Syria — /sear ee euh/, n. 1. Official name, Syrian Arab Republic. a republic in SW Asia at the E end of the Mediterranean. 16,137,899; 71,227 sq. mi. (184,478 sq. km). Cap.: Damascus. 2. a territory mandated to France in 1922, including the present… …   Universalium

  • Lebanon — /leb euh neuhn/ or, esp. for 1, / non /, n. 1. a republic at the E end of the Mediterranean, N of Israel. 3,858,736; 3927 sq. mi. (10,170 sq. km). Cap.: Beirut. 2. a city in SE Pennsylvania. 25,711. 3. a city in N central Tennessee. 11,872. 4. a… …   Universalium

  • Аль-Куатли, Шукри — Шукри аль Куатли شكري القوتلي …   Википедия

  • Husni al-Za'im — Husni az Za im. Husni az Za im (* 1897; † 14. August 1949 bei Damaskus[1]) (arabisch ‏حسني الزعيم‎, DMG Ḥusnī az Zaʿīm) war ein Militär und Politiker in Syrien. Husni a …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ata al-Ayyubi — عطا الأيوبي President of Syria In office March 25, 1943 – August 17, 1943 Preceded by Jamil al Ulshi …   Wikipedia


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