Queens, Valley of the

Queens, Valley of the

▪ archaeological site, Egypt
also called  Valley of the Tombs of the Queens , Arabic  Wādī al-Bībān al-Harīm , or  Wādī al-Harīm 

gorge in the hills along the western bank of the Nile River in Upper Egypt. It was part of ancient Thebes and served as the burial site of the queens and some royal children of the 19th and 20th dynasties (1292–1075 BC). The queens' necropolis is located about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) west of the mortuary temple of Ramses III (1187–56 BC) at Madīnat Habu. There are more than 90 known tombs, usually consisting of an entrance passage, a few short halls, and a sarcophagus chamber. The earliest may be that of Sitre, wife of Ramses I. The most notable are those of Nefertari, the favourite queen of Ramses II; of Princes Khaemwese and Amonhirkhopsef; and of a Ramesside queen called Titi. In 1979 UNESCO added the Valley of the Queens, the Valley of the Kings (Kings, Valley of the), Karnak, Luxor, and other sites of Thebes to the World Heritage List (World Heritage site).

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Universalium. 2010.

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