psilocin and psilocybin


psilocin and psilocybin

drug
      hallucinogenic principles contained in certain mushrooms (mushroom) (notably two Mexican species, Psilocybe mexicana and Stropharia cubensis). Hallucinogenic mushrooms used in religious ceremonies by the Indians of Mexico were considered sacred and were called “god's flesh” by the Aztecs. In the 1950s the active principles psilocin and psilocybin were isolated from the Mexican mushrooms. They are not used in modern medicine.

      Chemically, psilocin and psilocybin are indole hallucinogens that block the action of serotonin (the indole amine transmitter of nerve impulses) in brain tissue. Psilocybin differs from psilocin in having a phosphate group attached to the molecule at the oxygen atom.

      Psilocin and psilocybin produce experiences similar to those produced by mescaline and LSD. They act within 20 to 30 minutes, and the duration of action is about four hours.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Psilocin — drugbox IUPAC name = 4 Hydroxy N,N dimethyl tryptamine CAS number = 520 53 6 ATC prefix = ATC suffix = PubChem = 4980 C=12 | H=16 | N=2 | O=1 molecular weight = 204.27 g/mol smiles = OC1=CC=CC2=C1C(CCN(C)C)=CN2 melting point = 173 melting high =… …   Wikipedia

  • Psilocybin — Strukturformel Allgemeines Name Psilocybin Andere …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Psilocin — Strukturformel Allgemeines Name Psilocin Andere Nam …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • psilocybin and hallucinations —    The term psilocybin comes from the Greek words psilos (bald) and kubè (head). It refers to an alkaloid of the tryptamine group that can be found in no fewer than 80 species of hallucinogenic mushrooms belonging to the Psilocybe genus (i.e.… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • psilocin — A hallucinogenic agent related to psilocybin. * * * psi·lo·cin sī lə sən n a hallucinogenic tertiary amine C12H16N2O obtained from a basidiomycetous fungus (Psilocybe mexicana) * * * psi·lo·cin (siґlo sin) a hallucinogenic compound found in some… …   Medical dictionary

  • psilocybin — noun /saɪləˈsaɪbɪn/ A hallucinogenic alkaloid, C₁₂H₁₅N₂O·H₂PO₃, present in several species of Central American mushroom and producing effects similar to LSD. See Also: psilocin, Psilocybe semilanceata …   Wiktionary


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