prāṇāyāma


prāṇāyāma

Yoga
      (Sanskrit: “breath control”), in the Yoga system of Indian philosophy, fourth of the eight stages intended to lead the aspirant to samadhi, a state of perfect concentration. The immediate goal of prāṇāyāma is to reduce breathing to an effortless, even rhythm, thus helping to free the individual's mind from attention to bodily functions.

      The practitioners of Yoga recognize four states of consciousness—waking, sleep with dreams, sleep without dreams, and a state resembling cataleptic consciousness—each of which has its own respiratory rhythm. By prolonging each respiration (respiration, human) as long as possible in simulation of the unconscious states during which respiration is slower than in the normal waking state, the yogi ultimately learns to pass from one state to another, without loss of consciousness. The ability to reduce respiration markedly is what enables the experienced practitioner of Yoga to be buried alive for periods of time.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Pranayama — Prāṇāyāma (devanāgarī : प्राणायाम ) est un terme sanskrit qui correspond dans les Yoga Sūtra de Patañjali au quatrième membre (aṅga) du Yoga[1]. Prāṇayāma est la discipline du souffle[1] au travers de la connaissance et le contrôle du prāṇa …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pranayama — (Sanskrit, m., प्राणायाम, prāṇāyāma) ist das vierte Glied des Raja Yoga (bzw. Ashtanga Yoga oder Kriya Yoga) nach den Yoga Sutras von Patanjali und bezeichnet die Zusammenführung von Körper und Geist durch Atemübungen. Die weiteren sieben Stufen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Prāṇāyāma — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El término sánscrito prānāyama designa los ejercicios respiratorios del yoga que conducen a la concentración del prana (energía contenida en la respiración dentro del organismo). Contenido 1 Etimología 2 Prana …   Wikipedia Español

  • pranayama —    Pranayama (lit. breath control) is one of the elements in the eightfold path of YOGA found in PATANJALI’s YOGA SUTRA and other sources. Watching the breath is an element of virtually every yoga that emerged in India, whether Hindu, Buddhist,… …   Encyclopedia of Hinduism

  • Pranayama — A man practicing Pranayama Pranayama (Sanskrit: प्राणायाम prāṇāyāma) is a Sanskrit word meaning extension of the prana or breath or more accurately, extension of the life force . The word is composed of two Sanskrit words, Prān …   Wikipedia

  • pranayama — noun Breathing techniques. When used as a technical term in yoga, it is often translated more specifically as breath control …   Wiktionary

  • pranayama — pra·na·ya·ma (prah″nə yahґmə) [Sanskrit prana, q.v.] according to ayurveda, breath control, occurring as one of the eight limbs of raja yoga (see yoga); it is used as a means of controlling the energy within the body and the mind… …   Medical dictionary

  • PRANAYAMA —    breath control in YOGA …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • pranayama — [ˌprα:nʌ jα:mə] noun (in yoga) the regulation of the breath through certain techniques and exercises. Origin Sanskrit, from prāṇa breath + āyāma restraint …   English new terms dictionary

  • pranayama — /pranəˈjamə/ (say prahnuh yahmuh) noun (in yoga) any of various practices aimed at regulating the breath, as a means to achieving a meditative state of mind. {Hindi (from Sanskrit) prāna breath, energy + āyāma restraint} …   Australian English dictionary