Pippin II


Pippin II

▪ Carolingian king
also spelled  Pepin 
born c. AD 823
died after 864, Senlis, France

      Carolingian king of Aquitaine.

      The son of Pippin I of Aquitaine (d. 838), he was forced to fight for his inheritance. He gained the throne about 845 after defeating King Charles II the Bald, who had received authority over Aquitaine from Louis the Pious. War soon broke out again, however, and Charles slowly advanced through Aquitaine. Pippin took refuge with Sancho, duke of the Gascons, but in 852 was handed over to Charles, tonsured, and relegated to a monastery. Escaping in 854, he renewed the struggle, but in 859 the Aquitanians began to abandon him. Thereafter on the defensive and a wanderer, he joined with a band of Viking raiders and attacked Toulouse in 864. Captured soon afterward, he died during imprisonment at Senlis.

▪ Carolingian mayor
also spelled  Pepin , byname  Pippin of Herstal , French  Pépin d'Héristal 
died Dec. 16, 714, Jupille, near Liège [now in Belgium]

      ruler of the Franks (687–714), the first of the great Carolingian mayors of the palace.

      The son of Begga and Ansegisel, who were, respectively, the daughter of Pippin I and the son of Bishop Arnulf of Metz, Pippin established himself as mayor of the palace in Austrasia after the death of Dagobert II in 679 and defended its autonomy against Theuderic III (Theodoric III) of Neustria and Ebroïn, Theuderic's mayor of the palace. Defeated by Ebroïn in 680 at Lucofao (near Laon), Pippin gained his revenge on the Neustrians in 687 at Tertry (near Péronne) and became sole effective ruler of the Franks. He nevertheless retained Theuderic III on the throne and after his death replaced him with three successive Merovingian kings. After several years of warfare Pippin defeated the Frisians on his northeastern border (689) and married his son Grimoald to Theodelind, daughter of the Frisian chief Radbod. He also forced the Alemanni to recognize Frankish authority again and encouraged Christian missionaries in Alemannia and Bavaria. Charles Martel was his son.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Pippin — Pip pin, n. [Probably fr. OE. pippin a seed, as being raised from the seed. See {Pip} a seed.] (Bot.) (a) An apple from a tree raised from the seed and not grafted; a seedling apple. (b) A name given to apples of several different kinds, as… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • Pippīn — (Pipin), männlicher Name, dessen bemerkenswerte Träger sind: Fränkische Majores domus: 1) P. I. der Ältere (nicht: von Landen), Sohn des edeln Franken Karlmann, erlangte mit Hilfe des Bischofs Arnulf von Metz unter Chlotar 11. (613–628) und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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  • pippin — excellent person or thing, 1897, from coveted varieties of apple that were raised from seed (so called since early 15c.), from M.E. pipin seed (see PIP (Cf. pip) (1)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • pippin — ► NOUN ▪ a red and yellow dessert apple. ORIGIN originally denoting a seed of a fruit: from Old French pepin …   English terms dictionary

  • pippin — [pip′in] n. [ME pipyn < OFr pepin, seed, pip] 1. any of a number of varieties of apple, esp. those valued as dessert 2. [Brit. Dial.] a small pip, or seed 3. Slang a person or thing much admired …   English World dictionary


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