Philadelphia Zoological Gardens


Philadelphia Zoological Gardens

      first zoo in the United States, opened in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1874 with an animal inventory of several hundred native and exotic specimens. It was begun and continues to be operated by the Zoological Society of Philadelphia, founded in 1859. In 1868, three years after the end of the American Civil War, a 42-acre (17-hectare) site was selected in Fairmount Park, an architect was sent to study the London Zoo, and the collection was begun. The Philadelphia Zoo developed the first zoo laboratory (1901) and the first children's zoo (1938) in the United States. It was the first zoo to formulate specific diets for its animals (1930s), and one, monkey cake, is still used today by many zoos.

      Modern developments include an elaborate hummingbird exhibit (1970) and a reptile house (1972) with naturally planted displays. Also in the 1970s, three major outdoor exhibits were built: Wolf Wood, Bear Country, and the multispecies African Plains. The Philadelphia Zoo maintains excellent cat and waterfowl collections and is famous for the longevity records of its animals. It has about 1,800 specimens representing more than 400 species.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Philadelphia — /fil euh del fee euh/, n. a city in SE Pennsylvania, on the Delaware River: Declaration of Independence signed here July 4, 1776. 1,688,210. * * * City (pop., 2000: 1,517,550) and port, southeastern Pennsylvania, U.S., at the confluence of the… …   Universalium

  • Elitch Gardens — 39° 45′ 02″ N 105° 00′ 40″ W / 39.750556, 105.011111 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Six Flags Elitch Gardens — Elitch Gardens Elitch Gardens Nouveau nom Six Flags Elitch Gardens de novembre 1998 à avril 2007 Elitch Gardens de 1890 à 1998 et depuis avril 2007 Ouverture 1890 (premier parc) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Elitch Gardens — Infobox Amusement park name = Elitch Gardens caption = location = Denver location2 = Colorado location3 =United States flagicon|USA opening date =May 1, 1890 closing date =October 1, 1994 previous names = season = May through October area = 28… …   Wikipedia

  • List of botanical gardens in the United States — This list of botanical gardens in the United States is intended to include all significant botanical gardens and arboretums in the United States of America. NOTOC ListByUSStateTOC center=yes bottom left=yes washington dc=yes territories=yes… …   Wikipedia

  • zoo — /zooh/, n., pl. zoos. 1. Also called zoological garden. a parklike area in which live animals are kept in cages or large enclosures for public exhibition. 2. Informal. a place, activity, or group marked by chaos or unrestrained behavior. [1840… …   Universalium

  • Edward Drinker Cope — Edward Drinker Cope …   Wikipedia

  • Billy (pygmy hippo) — Billy, or William Johnson Hippopotamus, (1920s – October 11, 1955Cite book | author = Crandall, Lee S. | title = Management of Wild Mammals in Captivity | year = 1964 | location = Chicago | publisher = University of Chicago Press ] ) was a Pygmy… …   Wikipedia

  • Maryland Zoo — ▪ zoo, Baltimore, Maryland, United States in full  Maryland Zoo in Baltimore,  formerly (until 2004)  Baltimore Zoo        zoo in Baltimore, Md., that is the third oldest zoo in the United States (after the zoos in Cincinnati (Cincinnati Zoo and… …   Universalium

  • Zoo — A zoological garden, shortened to zoo, is an institution in which living animals are exhibited in captivity. In addition to their status as tourist attractions and recreational facilities, modern zoos may engage in captive breeding programs,… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.