Phetracha


Phetracha

▪ king of Ayutthaya
also spelled  Bedraja  or  Petracha , also called  P'ra P'etraja 
born 1633?
died 1703, Ayutthaya [Thailand]

      king of the Tai kingdom of Ayutthaya, or Siam (ruled 1688–1703), whose policies reduced European trade and influence in the country and helped preserve its independence.

      Phetracha was the foster brother of King Narai, whose patronage helped him rise to become head of the Elephant Department and a leading general in the kingdom. He led the coup that toppled the Greek adventurer Constantine Phaulkon (Phaulkon, Constantine) from ministerial office and expelled a French expeditionary force from Ayutthaya in 1688. In that year he seized the throne himself and determined to drastically reduce foreign power and influence. To this end he persecuted Christians and harassed Western traders, while encouraging more easily controlled Asian traders.

      Phetracha's 15-year reign was one of frequent revolts. His reorganization of his country's civil and military administration was overshadowed by his authoritarianism and by the intemperance, cruelty, and depravity that reportedly characterized his military ventures. His equally tyrannical son, King Sua, “Tiger,” succeeded him.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Phetracha — Phra Phetracha พระเพทราชา King of Ayutthaya King of Siam Reign 1688 – 1703 Predecessor Narai Successor Sanphet VIII Spouse …   Wikipedia

  • Phetradscha — Phetracha (Thai: สมเด็จพระเพทราชา Somdet Phra Phetracha, auch: Bedraja, P etraja, Petraja oder Petratcha geschrieben; * 1632 in Ban Plu Luang, Provinz Suphanburi; † 1703 in Ayutthaya) war der 30. König des Königreiches Ayutthaya in Siam (heute… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Narai — This article is about the Thai king. For the Japanese village of Narai, see Shiojiri, Nagano. Narai the Great สมเด็จพระนารายณ์มหาราช King of Ayutthaya Statue of King Narai …   Wikipedia

  • Constantine Phaulkon — Contemporary depiction of Constantine Phaulkon. The French ambassador Chevalier de Ch …   Wikipedia

  • Phrachao Suea — Phrachao Suea, wörtlich der Tigerkönig ; geboren als Luang Sorasak, Thronnamen Sanphet VIII. พระบาทสมเด็จพระสรรเพชญที่ ๘ oder Suriyenthrathibodi สมเด็จพระเจ้าสุริเยนทราบด, († 1709) war zwischen 1703 und 1709 König von Königreich Ayutthaya. Luang… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Narai — Französische Darstellung von König Narai …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ayutthaya (Königsliste) — Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Ayodhaya 2 Hariphunchai 3 Lan Na 4 Sukhothai 5 Ayutthaya 5.1 Uthong Dynastie (erste Regierungszeit 1350 1370) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • König von Thailand — Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Ayodhaya 2 Hariphunchai 3 Lan Na 4 Sukhothai 5 Ayutthaya 5.1 Uthong Dynastie (erste Regierungszeit 1350 1370) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Suriyenthrathibodi — สมเด็จพระสุริเยนทราธิบดี King of Ayutthaya King of Siam Reign 1703 – 1709 Predecessor Phetracha Successor Thai Sa Issue …   Wikipedia


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