Petralona skull

Petralona skull

▪ hominin fossil
      an ancient human cranium discovered in 1960 in a cave near Thessaloníki, northeastern Greece. The age of this skull has been difficult to establish. At first it was believed to be contemporary with Neanderthals, perhaps no older than 120,000 years. Some methods, however, indicate an age between 350,000 and 200,000 years. Animal fossils found with it are known elsewhere from approximately 350,000 years ago.

      Although the jaw is missing, the cranium is almost complete, and it is similar to specimens discovered at Arago (France), Bodo (Ethiopia), and Kabwe (Kabwe cranium) (Zambia). All of these combine Homo erectus-like traits (prominent browridges, a ridge along the rear of the skull, and thick braincase bones) with other characteristics (including a somewhat larger brain) of later Homo species, such as Neanderthals (H. neanderthalensis) and modern humans (H. sapiens (Homo sapiens)). None of the Petralona specimens has the unique features that distinguish Neanderthals from all other early humans. Many authorities find it useful to attribute the specimens to H. heidelbergensis (Homo heidelbergensis), a species that may be the common ancestor of both Neanderthals and modern humans.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hombre de Petralona — Cráneo de Petralona. El hombre de Petralona es la denominación popular de un cráneo de un homínido adulto encontrado por el espeleólogo Christos Sariannidis en 1960, en una cueva del monte Katsika, Petralona (Calcídica, Grecia), aislado, cubierto …   Wikipedia Español

  • Пулианос, Арис — Арис Пулианос Αρης Πουλιανος …   Википедия

  • Homo heidelbergensis — ▪ hominin  extinct species of archaic human (genus Homo) known from fossils dating from 600,000 to 300,000 years ago in Africa, Europe, and possibly Asia. The name first appeared in print in 1908 to accommodate an ancient human jaw discovered in… …   Universalium

  • Homo erectus — /hoh moh i rek teuhs/ 1. an extinct species of the human lineage, formerly known as Pithecanthropus erectus, having upright stature and a well evolved postcranial skeleton, but with a smallish brain, low forehead, and protruding face. See illus.… …   Universalium

  • Kabwe cranium — ▪ anthropology also called  Broken Hill cranium   fossilized skull of an extinct human species (genus Homo) found near the town of Kabwe, Zambia (formerly Broken Hill, Northern Rhodesia), in 1921. It was the first discovered remains of premodern… …   Universalium

  • Bodö — /booh due, boh /, n. a seaport in W Norway. 31,096. * * * ▪ anthropological and archaeological site, Ethiopia       site of paleoanthropological excavation in the Awash River valley of Ethiopia known for the 1976 discovery of a 600,000 year old… …   Universalium

  • Heidelberg jaw — a human lower jaw of early middle Pleistocene age found in 1907 near Heidelberg, Germany. [1910 15] * * * ▪ hominid fossil also called  Mauer jaw        enigmatic human mandible, thought to be about 500,000 years old, found in 1907 in the great… …   Universalium

  • Aris Poulianos — (born on July 24, 1924 in Ikaria, Greece) is a Greek anthropologist. Early careerPoulianos studied biology at the City University of New York between 1948 and 1952. Afterwards, he studied anthropology in Moscow and earned his Ph.D in 1961. He… …   Wikipedia

  • Abbevillian — biface flake from the Douro river region near Valladolid, Spain. It is unretouched and is not distinguishable from Olduwan. The one small spot of smaller flaking on one edge may indicate that it is borderline between Olduwan and Acheulean. Both… …   Wikipedia

  • Homo rhodesiensis — Taxobox | name = Homo rhodesiensis fossil range = Pleistocene image width = 220px image caption = Skull found in 1921 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Mammalia ordo = Primates familia = Hominidae tribus = Hominini genus = Homo… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.