Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts


Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts

▪ academy and museum, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
      in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is the oldest art academy and museum in the United States, founded 1805. Specializing in American painting and sculpture of the 18th to the 20th century, the Academy's Art Museum was built between 1872 and 1876 according to designs by architect Frank Furness (Furness, Frank Heyling) (1839–1912). The building's architectural (Western architecture) style is high Victorian. For its centennial year (1976), which coincided with the U.S. Bicentennial, the museum underwent a complete renovation.

      The museum's collections of 19th- and 20th-century American landscape and genre paintings include pieces by such artists as Mary Cassatt (Cassatt, Mary), Thomas Eakins (Eakins, Thomas), Robert Motherwell (Motherwell, Robert), Charles Willson Peale (Peale, Charles Willson), and Andrew Wyeth (Wyeth, Andrew). A 12,000-volume library of art history focuses primarily on American painting and sculpture.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Pennsylvania — /pen seuhl vayn yeuh, vay nee euh/, n. a state in the E United States. 11,886,728; 45,333 sq. mi. (117,410 sq. km). Cap.: Harrisburg. Abbr.: PA (for use with zip code), Pa., Penn., Penna. * * * I officially Commonwealth of Pennsylvania State (pop …   Universalium

  • academy —    A learned group accepted as authoritative in its discipline (subject area), or a school in which art is taught. Originally the school of philosophy founded by Plato in the garden of Academe, a district in the vicinity of Athens. It was closed… …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • Pennsylvania — This article is about the U.S. State of Pennsylvania. For other uses, see Pennsylvania (disambiguation). Pensilvania redirects here. For the town in Colombia, see Pensilvania, Caldas. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania …   Wikipedia


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