Penn, Arthur

Penn, Arthur

▪ American film director
in full  Arthur Hiller Penn  
born Sept. 27, 1922, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.

      American motion-picture and theatre director whose films are noted for their critical examination of the darker undercurrents of American society.

      Penn, brother of the photographer Irving Penn (Penn, Irving), served in the U.S. Army (1943–46), and after World War II he attended Black Mountain College in North Carolina and studied at the Actors Studio in Los Angeles. Penn received his early training as a director in television; from 1953 he wrote dramas and directed plays for such noted television series as Philco Playhouse and Playhouse 90. He also gained a solid reputation as a theatrical director. His Broadway plays included Two for the Seesaw (1958); The Miracle Worker (1959), a successful adaptation of a play that he had originally directed for television; Toys in the Attic (1960); All the Way Home (1960); and An Evening with Mike Nichols and Elaine May (1960–61).

  Penn's first movie was The Left-Handed Gun (1958), a psychological view of Billy the Kid that is vastly different from his image in popular mythology. In 1962 Penn directed the screen version of The Miracle Worker, a commercial and artistic success that brought him the first of three Academy Award nominations for best director. His next two films, Mickey One (1965) and The Chase (1966), dealt with the ambiguous heroism of the outsider in society. Bonnie and Clyde (1967), which used graphic violence as a mode of social criticism, brought him international acclaim. It was followed by Alice's Restaurant (1969) and then by the revisionist western Little Big Man (1970), a directorial tour de force that parodied the conventional Hollywood western and depicted American frontier policy as brutal and genocidal. His other films from the 1970s and '80s included Night Moves (1975), The Missouri Breaks (1976), Four Friends (1981), and Target (1985).

      In the 1990s Penn directed only sporadically; his titles from that decade included Lumière et compagnie (1995; Lumière and Company) as well as the television movie Inside (1996). At the beginning of the 21st century, Penn returned to the theatre, directing the Broadway plays Fortune's Fool and Sly Fox in 2002 and 2004, respectively.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • PENN, ARTHUR — (1922– ), U.S. director, screenwriter, and producer. Born in Philadelphia, Penn spent most of his childhood in New York and New Hampshire with his mother. In high school, he returned to his hometown and began studying his father s watchmaking… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Penn, Arthur —    см. Пенн, Артур …   Режиссерская энциклопедия. Кино США

  • Penn, Arthur — ► (n. 1922) Director cinematográfico estadounidense. Refleja, en sus películas, un gran inconformismo. Cabe destacar El milagro de Ana Sullivan (1962), La jauría humana (1965), Bonnie and Clyde (1967), Target (1985) e Inside (1996), entre otras …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Arthur Hiller Penn — (* 27. September 1922 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) ist ein US amerikanischer Filmregisseur. Durch Filme wie Bonnie und Clyde und Alice’s Restaurant gilt er als einer der wichtigsten Regisseure des New Hollywood. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • PENN (A.) — PENN ARTHUR (1922 ) Cinéaste et metteur en scène de théâtre, valeur montante du cinéma hollywoodien des années 1960 au même titre que Sam Peckinpah ou Blake Edwards, Arthur Penn est devenu par la suite le champion d’un cinéma commercial à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Penn — Penn, Arthur * * * (as used in expressions) Penn, Irving Penn, William Rogers, Will(iam Penn Adair) Warren, Robert Penn …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Penn — (Arthur) (né en 1922) cinéaste américain: le Gaucher (1958), Bonnie and Clyde (1966), Little Big Man (1970), Georgia (1981). Penn (William) (1644 1718) quaker anglais qui fuit les persécutions et obtint du roi d Angleterre, Charles II, en 1681,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Arthur Penn — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Penn. Arthur Penn Données clés Nom de naissance Arthur Hiller Penn Naissance 27 septembre 1922 Philadelphie, Pennsylvanie États Unis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Penn, Irving — born June 16, 1917, Plainfield, N.J., U.S. U.S. photographer. He aspired to be a painter but at 26 took a job designing photographic covers for Vogue and soon was established as a fashion photographer. His austere fashion images communicated… …   Universalium

  • Arthur Penn — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Arthur Penn Nacimiento 27 de septiembre de 1922 (87 años) Filadelfia, Pensilvania, Estados Unidos …   Wikipedia Español

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