Peacock Throne


Peacock Throne

      famous golden throne stolen from India by the Persians in 1739. Thereafter lost, it (and its reproductions) remained the symbol of the Persian, or Iranian, monarchy.

      The original throne, built for the Mughal emperor Shāh Jahān in the early 17th century, was reportedly one of the most splendorous thrones ever made. It was ascended by silver steps and stood on golden feet set with jewels; and it was backed by representations of two open peacocks' tails, gilded, enamelled, and inset with diamonds, rubies, and other stones. The throne was seized along with other plunder when the Iranian conqueror Nāder Shāh (Nādir Shāh) captured Delhi in 1739. Before leaving India, he had a divan made in the same style and brought both Peacock Thrones back to Iran, only to lose both in warfare with the Kurds, who apparently dismantled them and distributed the precious stones and metals. Later Peacock Thrones or divans (probably reproductions) were made for subsequent shāhs, notably Fath ‘Alī Shāh (reigned 1797–1834). The dazzling chairlike throne used by the two Pahlavi shāhs at their coronations (1926, 1941) was a reproduction dating from the Qājār dynasty.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Peacock Throne — Pea cock Throne A famous throne formerly of the kings of Delhi, India, but since 1739, when it was carried off by Nadir Shah, held by the shahs of Persia; so called from its bearing a fully expanded peacock s tail done in gems. [Webster 1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Peacock Throne — noun The throne of the kings of Delhi, carried off to Persia in 1739 • • • Main Entry: ↑peacock …   Useful english dictionary

  • Peacock Throne — The Peacock Throne, called Takht e Tâvus ( fa. تخت طاووس) in Persian, is the name originally of a Mughal throne of India, later used to describe the thrones of the Persian emperors from Nader Shah Afshari to Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi. The Mughal …   Wikipedia

  • peacock-throne — noun the golden throne of former kings of Delhi; stolen by the Persians in 1739 and subsequently lost; symbol of the former Shah of Iran • Hypernyms: ↑throne …   Useful english dictionary

  • Peacock Throne — noun a) A golden Mughal throne, once used in Persia b) The former Persian monarchy …   Wiktionary

  • Peacock (disambiguation) — Peacock may be one of the following:Biological*A male Peafowl, or sometimes any peafowl *Peacock (butterfly), several unrelated butterflies with ocelli resembling those of a peacock *Red sandalwood tree sometimes called peacock flower fence… …   Wikipedia

  • Throne — This article is about royal thrones; for other meanings see Throne (disambiguation). The thrones for Elizabeth II as Queen of Canada, and the Duke of Edinburgh (back) in the Canadian Senate, Ottawa are usually occupied by the Queen s… …   Wikipedia

  • throne — throneless, adj. /throhn/, n., v., throned, throning. n. 1. the chair or seat occupied by a sovereign, bishop, or other exalted personage on ceremonial occasions, usually raised on a dais and covered with a canopy. 2. the office or dignity of a… …   Universalium

  • throne — Synonyms and related words: Peacock throne, aggrandize, anoint, apotheose, apotheosize, beatify, bedpan, can, canonize, chair, chamber, chamber pot, chemical closet, chemical toilet, commode, crapper, crown, deify, elevate, ennoble, enshrine,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • Naderi Throne — The Naderi Throne in Golestan Palace, Tehran, Iran The Naderi Throne of Iran is a gemmed and enameled throne made during Qajar era, now kept in the national treasure of the Central Bank of Iran. The throne has no relation to Nader Shah (1688… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.