Patinir, Joachim


Patinir, Joachim

▪ Flemish painter
Patinir also spelled  Patinier, or Patenier  
born c. 1485, Bouvignes, near Dinan, Namur
died Oct. 5, 1524, Antwerp

      painter, the first Western artist known to have specialized in landscape painting. Little is known of his early life, but his work reflects an early knowledge of the painting of Gerard David, the last of the Early Netherlandish painters. He may have studied under Hieronymus Bosch, the painter of fantastic allegories and landscapes.

      Patinir seems to have made a practice of supplying landscape settings for figure compositions painted by other Flemish masters, but the only known example of his collaborations is the “Temptation of St. Anthony” (c. 1520–24; Prado, Madrid), in which Quentin Massys (Massys, Quentin) painted the figures. He did not, however, paint pure landscape pictures, and all his work has a nominal religious subject. Its novelty, anticipated in a different vein by Bosch, lay in the fact that the religious motif in such works as the “Flight into Egypt” (1515–20; Royal Museum of Fine Arts, Antwerp), the “St. Christopher” (c. 1515–24; Prado, Madrid), and the “St. Jerome” (Prado) was much reduced in scale and immersed in the phenomena of the natural world. The basic elements of his landscape style—the high viewpoint overlooking vast tracts, where earthy brown foregrounds merge into woodland and meadow greens and again into the hazy blues of distant mountains—do not differ from those of his predecessors, particularly Gerard David. Yet the picturesque melancholy with which he invests the woods and rivers and the great ghostly rocks that jut up abruptly in the middle distance of such paintings as his “Baptism of Christ” (c. 1515–20; Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna) and his “Crossing the Styx” (c. 1520–24; Prado) strike a personal note that won Patinir instant success and many imitators. Patinir's favourite subject was the “Rest on the Flight Into Egypt,” which he depicted in many versions.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Patinir, Joachim — (c. 1480 1524)    Flemish painter, the first in history to have specialized in landscapes. Patinir was from Bouvignes and by 1515 he was an independent master enrolled in the painter s guild of Antwerp. Nothing is known of his training, though it …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Patinir, Joachim (de) — or Joachim de Patinier or Joachim de Patenier born с 1485, Bouvignes, Namur died Oct. 5, 1524, Antwerp Netherlandish painter. Nothing is known of his early life, but his work reflects knowledge of the paintings of Gerard David. He is the first… …   Universalium

  • Patinir, Joachim (de) — o Joachim de Patinier o Joachim de Patenier ( 1485, Bouvignes, Namur–5 oct. 1524, Amberes). Pintor flamenco. Se desconocen los primeros años de su vida, pero su obra refleja conocimiento de las pinturas de Gerard David. Es el primer artista… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Joachim Patinir — Joachim Patinir, also called de Patinier and de Patiner (c. 1480 ndash; October 5, 1524), was a Flemish Northern Renaissance history and landscape painter from the area of modern Wallonia. He was probably the uncle of Herri met de Bles, his… …   Wikipedia

  • Joachim Patinir — Nacimiento h. 1480 Fallecimiento 5 de octubre de 1524 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Joachim Patenier — Joachim Patinir Joachim Patenier Naissance 1485 Dinant Décès 5 octobre 1524 Anvers …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Patinir — Patinir, Joachim, niederländ. Maler, gest. 1524 in Antwerpen, Begründer der niederländ. Landschaftsmalerei; bes. biblische Vorgänge in Landschaften …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Joachim de Patinir — Überfahrt in die Unterwelt, 1515 1524 Joachim Patinir (* vermutlich zwischen 1475 und 1480 in der Nähe von Dinant; † 5. Oktober 1524 in Antwerpen) auch Joachim Patinier oder Patenier war ein flämischer Maler und Zeichner …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joachim Patenier — Überfahrt in die Unterwelt, 1515 1524 Joachim Patinir (* vermutlich zwischen 1475 und 1480 in der Nähe von Dinant; † 5. Oktober 1524 in Antwerpen) auch Joachim Patinier oder Patenier war ein flämischer Maler und Zeichner …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joachim Patinier — Überfahrt in die Unterwelt, 1515 1524 Joachim Patinir (* vermutlich zwischen 1475 und 1480 in der Nähe von Dinant; † 5. Oktober 1524 in Antwerpen) auch Joachim Patinier oder Patenier war ein flämischer Maler und Zeichner …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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