Parthenius of Nicaea


Parthenius of Nicaea

▪ Greek poet and grammarian
flourished 1st century BC, Rome

      Greek poet and grammarian, described as the “last of the Alexandrians.”

      Born in Nicaea in Asia Minor, Parthenius was captured in the third Mithradatic war and taken to Italy, where he became the Roman poet Virgil's teacher in Greek. Parthenius played an important role in spreading a taste for “Callimachean” poetry in Rome. His collection of 36 prose love stories made for the poet Cornelius Gallus (Gallus, Gaius Cornelius) has survived, and fragments from two funeral poems, one on his wife Arete, have come to light in papyri. He also wrote an encomium of the same lady in three books. His poems were favourite reading of the emperors Tiberius and Hadrian.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • NICAEA — I. NICAEA Liguriae oppid. maritimum. Nicia Antonino dicitur, vide ibi, vulgo Nizza. Meminit eius Steph. Νίκαια, πόλις Κελτικὴ, Μαςςαλιωτῶν ἄποικος. Plin. l. 3. c. 5. Nicaea oppidum a Massiliensibus conditum, Ptol. Μαςςαλιωτῶν Νίκαια, Bellanda… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

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  • Helvius Cinna — Gaius Helvius Cinna was an influential neoteric poet of the late Roman Republic, a little older than the generation of Catullus and Calvus. His magnum opus Zmyrna established his literary fame; a mythological epic poem focused on the incestuous… …   Wikipedia


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