Park, Robert E.


Park, Robert E.

▪ American sociologist
in full  Robert Ezra Park  
born February 14, 1864, Harveyville, Pennsylvania, U.S.
died February 7, 1944, Nashville, Tennessee
 American sociologist noted for his work on ethnic minority groups, particularly African Americans, and on human ecology, a term he is credited with coining. One of the leading figures in what came to be known as the “Chicago school” of sociology, he initiated a great deal of fieldwork in Chicago that explored race relations, migration, ethnic relations, social movements, and social disorganization.

      Park studied under the philosophers John Dewey (Dewey, John) (at the University of Michigan), William James, (James, William) and Josiah Royce (Royce, Josiah) (the latter two at Harvard University) and the sociologist Georg Simmel (Simmel, Georg) (in Germany). All his graduate work was done after 11 years of experience as a newspaper reporter in various large cities, where his interest in social problems was stimulated. Park earned his A.B. at the University of Michigan (1887), his A.M. at Harvard (1899), and his Ph.D. at the University of Heidelberg (1904). He taught at Harvard (1904–05), the University of Chicago (1914–33), and Fisk University (1936–43).

      In 1906 Park wrote two magazine articles about the oppression of the Congolese by Belgian colonial administrators. Turning to the study of the black population in his own country, he became secretary to Booker T. Washington (Washington, Booker T) and is said to have written most of Washington's The Man Farthest Down (1912). Park believed that a caste system produced by sharp ethnic differences tends, because of the division of labour (labour, division of) between the castes, to change into a structure of economic classes.

      With Ernest W. Burgess (Burgess, Ernest Watson), Park wrote a standard text, Introduction to the Science of Sociology (1921). In The Immigrant Press and Its Control (1922), Park argued that foreign-language newspapers would, in the long run, promote assimilation of immigrants. Three volumes of his Collected Papers, edited by Everett C. Hughes and others, were published between 1950 and 1955. The second volume deals with the city and with human ecology, which was the title of a course taught by Park at the University of Chicago in 1926.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Park, Robert E. — ► (1864 1944) Sociólogo estadounidense. Su obra La ciudad (1925), contiene la primera formulación de la teoría de las zonas concéntricas, conocida bajo el nombre de teoría de Burgess …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Park, Robert Ezra — (1864 1944) A leading member of the Chicago School, who introduced the work of Georg Simmel to a generation of American sociologists, mainly indirectly and via the widely used textbook Introduction to the Science of Sociology (1921) co authored… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Park, Robert E(zra) — born Feb. 14, 1864, Harveyville, Pa., U.S. died Feb. 7, 1944, Nashville, Tenn. U.S. sociologist. After 11 years as a newspaper reporter, Park attended various universities and studied with scholars such as John Dewey, William James, Josiah Royce …   Universalium

  • Park, Robert E(zra) — (14 feb. 1864, Harveyville, Pa., EE.UU.–7 feb. 1944, Nashville, Tenn.). Sociólogo estadounidense. Después de trabajar once años como periodista de prensa escrita, asistió a diversas universidades y estudió con eminencias como John Dewey, William… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Robert E. Park — Robert Ezra Park (* 14. Februar 1864 in Harveyville, Pennsylvania (USA); † 7. Februar 1944 in Nashville) war ein US amerikanischer Soziologe. Er ist der Begründer der Chicagoer Schule der Soziologie. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Werdegang 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Park — Robert Ezra Park (* 14. Februar 1864 in Harveyville, Pennsylvania (USA); † 7. Februar 1944 in Nashville) war ein US amerikanischer Soziologe. Er ist der Begründer der Chicagoer Schule der Soziologie. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Werdegang 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Ezra Park — Robert E. Park Pour les articles homonymes, voir Park. Robert Ezra Park, né le 14 février 1864 dans le comté de Luzerne, Pennsylvanie décédé le 7 février 1944 à Nashville, Tennessee, est un sociologue américain, à l origine de la première École… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Robert Park — Robert E. Park Pour les articles homonymes, voir Park. Robert Ezra Park, né le 14 février 1864 dans le comté de Luzerne, Pennsylvanie décédé le 7 février 1944 à Nashville, Tennessee, est un sociologue américain, à l origine de la première École… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • PARK (R. E.) — PARK ROBERT EZRA (1864 1944) Si William I. Thomas doit être considéré comme le fondateur de l’école sociologique de Chicago, c’est Robert Park qui en devient la figure la plus marquante au cours des années 1920. Ce dernier n’entre pourtant à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Park — Park, Chung Hee Park, Robert E. * * * (as used in expressions) Central Park Park, Mungo Park, Robert E(zra) Phoenix Park, asesinatos de …   Enciclopedia Universal


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