Paradzhanov, Sergey Yosifovich


Paradzhanov, Sergey Yosifovich

▪ Armenian director
original name  Sarkis Paradzhanian  
born Jan. 9, 1924, Tbilisi, Georgia, U.S.S.R.
died July 20, 1990, Yerevan, Armenian S.S.R.

      Armenian director of lyrical, visually powerful films whose career was curtailed by official harassment and censorship.

      Paradzhanov studied music at the Tbilisi Conservatory and cinema at the State Institute of Cinematography. In 1952 he joined the Kiev Dovzhenko Studios, but the early motion pictures that he directed were never released in the West. His fifth feature film was Teni zabytykh predkov (1964; Shadows of Our Forgotten Ancestors), a richly impressionistic fantasy based on a novella by Mykhaylo Kotsyubysky with a Ukrainian setting. Although it won 16 international awards, including the grand prize at the 1965 Mar del Plata Festival in Argentina, his overt rejection of the official aesthetic of Socialist Realism brought him into conflict with Soviet authorities.

      Paradzhanov went even further with Tsvet granata (1969; The Colour of Pomegranates, or Sayat Nova), in which he used ancient Armenian music to enhance symbolic episodes drawn from the colorful life of 18th-century Armenian poet Sayat-Nova. In 1974 he was tried on a range of charges, including homosexuality, currency offenses, and “dealing in anti-Soviet legislation,” and was sentenced to five years at hard labour. An international campaign led to his release in 1978, but he was arrested again in 1982. He was finally allowed to resume filmmaking in the later-1980s era of glasnost.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • motion picture, history of the — Introduction       history of the medium from the 19th century to the present. Early years, 1830–1910 Origins       The illusion of motion pictures is based on the optical phenomena known as persistence of vision and the phi phenomenon. The first …   Universalium

  • Russia — /rush euh/, n. 1. Also called Russian Empire. Russian, Rossiya. a former empire in E Europe and N and W Asia: overthrown by the Russian Revolution 1917. Cap.: St. Petersburg (1703 1917). 2. See Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. 3. See Russian… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.