panicum


panicum

▪ plant anatomy
      any of nearly 600 species of forage and cereal grasses in the genus Panicum (family Poaceae), distributed throughout tropical and warm temperate regions. These plants are annuals and perennials; many are tufted or have underground stems.

      Many species of Panicum, known as millet (q.v.), are cultivated in Europe and Asia as crop plants and in the United States for forage, hog feed, and birdseed. Guinea grass (P. maximum), a tall African plant, also is cultivated for forage, especially in tropical America and southern North America. Switch grass (P. virgatum) is an erect, tough perennial, 1 to 2 m (about 3 to 6 1/2 feet) tall, that grows in clumps; its spikelets may be reddish. It is a major constituent of tall grass prairie in North America and is a valuable forage grass. It is sometimes used for erosion control because its thick underground stems send up new plants.

      Witchgrass (P. capillare), a tufted annual, is a common weed in fields and disturbed areas. Its large, purplish flower clusters break off and are blown by the wind. Vine mesquite grass (P. obtusum) is planted for erosion control in the southwestern United States.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • panicum — ● panicum nom masculin Nom générique du millet des oiseaux. panicum n. m. BOT Genre de graminées comprenant les millets communs …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Panicum — Pan i*cum, n. [L., panic grass.] (Bot.) A genus of grasses, including several hundred species, some of which are valuable; panic grass. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Panĭcum — (P. L., Fennich od. Hirse), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Gramineae Paniceae, 3. Kl. 2. Ordn. L.; Ährchen auf dem Rücken convex, vorn mehr od. weniger flach, einblüthig, mit einer unteren einspelzigen, geschlechtslosen od. seltener… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Panĭcum — L., Gattung der Gräser, ein oder mehrjährige Gräser mit ein bis zweiblütigen Ährchen in Ähren, Trauben oder Rispen und verhärtenden, wehrlosen oder mit Spitzchen versehenen Deck und Vorspelzen. 300 Arten in allen wärmern, wenige in den gemäßigten …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Panicum — Panĭcum L., Pflanzengattg. der Gramineen, größtenteils in den Tropen; hierher die Hirse und das Guineagras oder Moha (s. Hirse) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Panicum —   [lateinisch], die Pflanzengattung Hirse.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Panicum —   , panicum   L. panis, bread; icum, belonging to. In Roman times the vernacular name of the grass used for making bread …   Etymological dictionary of grasses

  • Panicum — Taxobox name = Panicum image width = 240px image caption = Panicum virgatum regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Liliopsida ordo = Poales familia = Poaceae subfamilia = Panicoideae genus = Panicum genus authority = L. subdivision… …   Wikipedia

  • Panicum — Ver texto Panicum es un género de plantas de la familia de las Poaceas, orden Poales, subclase Liliidae, clase Liliopsida, división Magnoliophyta. ● Panicum aculeatum Hitchc. et Chase ● Panicum addiconii Nash ● Panicum agrostis Doell. ● Panicum… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Panicum — Panic (plante) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Panic …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Panicum — Rispenhirsen Haarästige Rispenhirse (Panicum capillare) Systematik Klasse: Einkeimblättrige (Liliopsida) …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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