Palmer, Arnold

Palmer, Arnold

▪ American golfer
in full  Arnold Daniel Palmer 
born Sept. 10, 1929, Youngstown, Pa., U.S.
 professional American golfer, the first to win the Masters Tournament (Augusta, Ga.) four times and the first to earn $1 million in tournament prize money. During his professional career (1954–75) he won 92 tournaments, 60 of which were on the Professional Golfers' Association of America (PGA) tour. As a leading figure in world golf from the late 1950s through the mid-1960s, he attracted a vast following known as “Arnie's Army.”

 Palmer, who grew up in Latrobe, Pa., won the Pennsylvania State High School golf championship twice before attending Wake Forest University on a golf scholarship. After quitting school in 1950, he served in the U.S. Coast Guard. He returned to Wake Forest in 1954 but left again after winning the U.S. Amateur championship. He turned professional following his U.S. Amateur title and earned his first victory as a professional at the 1955 Canadian Open. In 1958 he won his first Masters (Masters Tournament) championship and placed first on the official earnings list for the PGA tour. In 1960 he emerged as a sports superstar, winning eight tournaments, often in dramatic fashion. At the Masters he birdied the last two holes to win by a single stroke, and at the U.S. Open he entered the final round in 15th place but birdied six of the first seven holes en route to victory. That year he also finished in the top 5 on 19 occasions. His success continued in 1961 as he recorded six victories, including a win at the British Open. In 1962 he prevailed in the first three-way playoff in Masters' history to win his third championship at Augusta. That same year Palmer captured his second consecutive British Open title with a four-round total of 276, which was two strokes better than the previous British Open record. In 1964 he won his fourth Masters tournament with a four-round total of 276, the second-lowest score in the Masters up to that time. Palmer joined the Senior PGA Tour (now known as the Champions Tour) on its founding in 1980, and he retired from competitive golf in 2006.

      An astute businessman, he served as president of the highly successful Arnold Palmer Enterprises and was national spokesman for several companies. Palmer also founded a golf-course-design company. He wrote a number of books, either autobiographical or concerned with the techniques of golf, including Play Great Golf: Mastering the Fundamentals of Your Game (1987), A Golfer's Life (1999; cowritten with James Dodson), and Arnold Palmer: Memories, Stories, and Memorabilia from a Life on and off the Course (2004). Palmer was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2004.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Palmer,Arnold — Palmer, Arnold. Born 1929. American golfer who was the first to win four Masters championships (1958, 1960, 1962, and 1964). * * * …   Universalium

  • Palmer, Arnold (Daniel) — (n. 10 sep. 1929, Latrobe, Pa., EE.UU.). Golfista estadounidense. Hijo de un cuidador de un campo de golf, se hizo profesional en 1954 después de ganar el Campeonato Amateur de EE.UU. Fue el primer jugador en ganar cuatro veces el Torneo de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Palmer, Arnold (Daniel) — born Sept. 10, 1929, Latrobe, Pa., U.S. U.S. golfer. The son of a greenskeeper, Palmer turned professional in 1954 after winning the U.S. Amateur championship. He was the first player to win the Masters Tournament four times (1958, 1960, 1962,… …   Universalium

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  • PALMER (A.) — PALMER ARNOLD (1929 ) Le golfeur américain Arnold Palmer possède un remarquable palmarès. Quatre fois vainqueur de la Coupe du monde, associé à Jack Nicklaus, il remporte six fois la Ryder Cup. Il s’impose quatre fois aux Masters, deux fois au… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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  • Palmer — /pah meuhr/ or, for 5, /pahl /, n. 1. Alice Elvira, 1855 1902, U.S. educator. 2. Arnold, born 1929, U.S. golfer. 3. Daniel David, 1845 1913, Canadian originator of chiropractic medicine. 4. George Herbert, 1842 1933, U.S. educator, philosopher,… …   Universalium

  • palmer — palmer1 /pah meuhr, pahl /, n. 1. a pilgrim, esp. of the Middle Ages, who had returned from the Holy Land bearing a palm branch as a token. 2. any religious pilgrim. 3. palmerworm. v.i. 4. Scot. and North Eng. to wander; go idly from place to… …   Universalium

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