Ostrovsky, Aleksandr Nikolayevich

Ostrovsky, Aleksandr Nikolayevich

▪ Russian dramatist

born March 31 [April 12, New Style], 1823, Moscow, Russia
died June 2 [June 14], 1886, Shchelykovo

      Russian dramatist who is generally considered the greatest representative of the Russian realistic period.

      The son of a government clerk, Ostrovsky attended the University of Moscow law school. From 1843 to 1848 he was employed as a clerk at the Moscow juvenile court. He wrote his first play, Kartiny semeynogo schastya (“Scenes of Family Happiness”), in 1847. His next play, Bankrot (“The Bankrupt”), later renamed Svoi lyudi sochtemsya (It's a Family Affair, We'll Settle It Among Ourselves), written in 1850, provoked an outcry because it exposed bogus bankruptcy cases among Moscow merchants and brought about Ostrovsky's dismissal from the civil service. The play was banned for 13 years.

      Ostrovsky wrote several historical plays in the 1860s. His main dramatic work, however, was concerned with the Russian merchant class and included two tragedies and numerous comedies, including the masterpiece Bednost ne porok (1853; “Poverty Is No Disgrace”). His Snegurochka (1873; “The Snow Maiden”) was adapted as an opera by Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov in 1880–81.

      Ostrovsky was closely associated with the Maly (“Little”) Theatre, Moscow's only dramatic state theatre, where all his plays were first performed under his supervision. He served as the first president of the Society of Russia Playwrights, which was founded on his initiative in 1874, and in 1885 he became artistic director of the Moscow imperial theatres. The author of 47 original plays, Ostrovsky almost single-handedly created a Russian national repertoire. His dramas are among the most widely read and frequently performed stage pieces in Russia.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Ostrovsky, Aleksandr (Nikolayevich) — born April 12, 1823, Moscow, Russia died June 14, 1886, Shchelykovo Russian playwright. His second play, The Bankrupt (1850), exposed bogus bankruptcy cases and led to his dismissal from the civil service. Most of his plays treat characters from… …   Universalium

  • Nikolayevich — (as used in expressions) Nikolay Nikolayevich Aleksandr Nikolayevich Baryshnikov Mikhail Nikolayevich Benois Alexandre Nikolayevich Kosygin Aleksey Nikolayevich Kuropatkin Aleksey Nikolayevich Milyukov Pavel Nikolayevich Ostrovsky Aleksandr… …   Universalium

  • Aleksandr — (as used in expressions) Aleksandr Pavlovich Aleksandr Nikolayevich Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Blok Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Borodin Aleksandr Porfiryevich Glazunov Aleksandr Konstantinovich Gorchakov Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prince Gorsky Aleksandr… …   Universalium

  • Russia — /rush euh/, n. 1. Also called Russian Empire. Russian, Rossiya. a former empire in E Europe and N and W Asia: overthrown by the Russian Revolution 1917. Cap.: St. Petersburg (1703 1917). 2. See Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. 3. See Russian… …   Universalium

  • Russian literature — Introduction       the body of written works produced in the Russian language, beginning with the Christianization of Kievan Rus in the late 10th century.       The unusual shape of Russian literary history has been the source of numerous… …   Universalium

  • theatre, Western — ▪ art Introduction       history of the Western theatre from its origins in pre Classical antiquity to the present.       For a discussion of drama as a literary form, see dramatic literature and the articles on individual national literatures.… …   Universalium

  • Stanislavsky, Konstantin Sergeyevich — ▪ Russian actor and director Introduction Stanislavsky also spelled  Stanislavski , original name  Konstantin Sergeyevich Alekseyev  born January 5 [January 17, New Style], 1863, Moscow, Russia died August 7, 1938, Moscow       Russian actor,… …   Universalium

  • Οστρόβσκι, Αλεξάντρ Νικολάγεβιτς — (Aleksandr Nikolayevich Ostrovsky, Μόσχα 1823 – Στσελύκοβο, Κοστρόμα 1886). Ρώσος θεατρικός συγγραφέας. Γεννήθηκε στο Ζαμοσκβορέτσιε, τη συνοικία της παλιάς Μόσχας, όπου κατοικούσαν οι έμποροι, ένα περιβάλλον που γνώρισε κατά βάθος, όταν, αφού… …   Dictionary of Greek

  • List of Russian people — The Millennium of Russia monument in Veliky Novgorod, featuring the statues and reliefs of the most celebrated people in the first 1000 years of Russian history …   Wikipedia

  • List of Russian language novelists — Russian Writers by Sergei Levitsky, 1856. This is a list of authors who have written works of fiction in the Russian language. The list encompasses novelists and writers of short fiction. For the plain text list, see Category:Russian novelists.… …   Wikipedia


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»