ondes martenot


ondes martenot

also called  Ondes Musicales 

      (French: “musical waves”), electronic musical instrument demonstrated in 1928 in France by the inventor Maurice Martenot. Oscillating radio tubes produce electric pulses at two supersonic sound-wave frequencies. They in turn produce a lower frequency within audible range that is equal to the difference in their rates of vibration and that is amplified and converted into sound by a loudspeaker. Many timbres, or tone colours, can be created by filtering out upper harmonics, or component tones, of the audible notes.

      In the earliest version, the player's hand approaching or moving away from a wire varied one of the high frequencies, thus changing the lower frequency and altering the pitch. Later, a wire was stretched across a model keyboard; the player touched the wire to vary the frequency. In another version the frequency changes are controlled from a functioning keyboard. Works for the ondes martenot include those by the French-born Swiss composer Arthur Honegger, the French composer Darius Milhaud, and the American composer Samuel Barber.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ondes Martenot — Die Ondes Martenot (Plural; französisch für „Martenot Wellen“; bei ihrer Vorstellung im Jahre 1928 Ondes Musicales, „Musikalische Wellen“ genannt) sind ein monophones elektronisches Musikinstrument. Es wurde von seinem Namensgeber, dem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ondes Martenot — Les Ondes Martenot est un instrument de musique électronique, inventé par Maurice Martenot et présenté au public en 1928. Sommaire 1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ondes Martenot — Ondes Mar|te|not 〈[ɔ̃:d martəno:] Pl.; Mus.〉 einstimmiges, hochfrequentes, elektronisches Tasteninstrument mit einem Tonumfang von sieben Oktaven [frz., „Martenot Wellen“; nach dem Erfinder Maurice Martenot, 1898 1980] * * * Ondes Martenot  … …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ondes Martenot — ● Ondes Martenot instrument de musique électronique à clavier, qui transforme des oscillations électriques en vibrations mécaniques dans un haut parleur. (Elles ont été inventées en 1928 par Maurice Martenot.) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ondes Martenot — фр. [онд Мартено/] ondes musicales [онд мюзика/ль] электромуз. инструм., сконструированный франц. инженером Мартено …   Словарь иностранных музыкальных терминов

  • Ondes Martenot — An ondes Martenot The ondes Martenot (  / …   Wikipedia

  • Ondes Martenot — Ondes Mar|te|not 〈[ɔ̃:d martəno:] Pl.; Musik〉 einstimmiges, elektron. Tasteninstrument mit einem Tonumfang von sieben Oktaven [Etym.: frz., »Martenot Wellen«; nach dem Erfinder M. Martenot, 1898 1980] …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

  • Ondes Martenot — Ondes Mar|te|not [õdmartə no] die (Plur.) <zu fr. ondes, Plur. von onde »Welle« u. nach dem franz. Konstrukteur M. Martenot (1898 1980)> ein hochfrequentes, elektroakustisches Musikinstrument (1928 konstruiert) …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • ondes martenot — [ɒondes martenotd mα:t(ə)nəʊ] noun (plural same) Music an electronic keyboard producing one note of variable pitch. Origin 1950s: from Fr. ondes musicales, lit. musical waves (the orig. name of the instrument) and the name of Maurice Martenot,… …   English new terms dictionary

  • ondes Martenot — /ɒ̃d matəˈnoʊ/ (say ond mahtuh noh) noun a form of music synthesiser, developed around 1928, in which a keyboard controls the frequency of musical tones produced by an oscillator, amplified through a loudspeaker. {French onde wave + name of its… …   Australian English dictionary