Oglethorpe, James Edward

Oglethorpe, James Edward

▪ British military officer
born Dec. 22, 1696, London
died June 30/, July 1, 1785, Cranham Hall, Essex, Eng.
 English army officer, philanthropist, and founder of the British colony of Georgia in America.

      Educated at the University of Oxford, he entered the army in 1712 and joined the Austrian army fighting the Turks in 1717. On his return to England in 1722, he entered Parliament. In 1729 he presided over a committee that brought about prison reforms. This experience gave him the idea of founding a new colony in North America as a place where the poor and destitute could start afresh and where persecuted Protestant sects could find refuge.

      In 1732 Oglethorpe secured a charter for his colony in what became Georgia. In 1733 he accompanied the first settlers and founded Savannah. On the outbreak of the war between England and Spain in 1739, he led a vigorous defense of the territory. He was foiled in an attempt to capture the Spanish town of St. Augustine, Fla., but was able to repel an attack on Fort Frederica, Georgia (1742). Oglethorpe's popularity, not only with his hurriedly raised and imperfectly trained troops but also with all classes of the population, helped to assure the safety of the colony.

      Oglethorpe returned to England in 1743, where he resumed his parliamentary career.

Additional Reading
Amos Aschbach Ettinger, James Edward Oglethorpe, Imperial Idealist (1936, reprinted 1968); Phinizy Spalding, Oglethorpe in America (1977); Phinizy Spalding and Harvey H. Jackson (eds.), Oglethorpe in Perspective: Georgia's Founder After Two Hundred Years (1989).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Oglethorpe,James Edward — O·gle·thorpe (ōʹgəl thôrp ), James Edward. 1696 1785. English soldier, philanthropist, and colonizer. He secured a charter for the colony of Georgia (1732) as a refuge for unemployed debtors newly released from prison. * * * …   Universalium

  • Oglethorpe, James (Edward) — born Dec. 22, 1696, London, Eng. died June 30/July 1, 1785, Cranham Hall, Essex, Eng. English army officer. After serving in the British army from 1712 to 1722, he entered Parliament, where he became interested in prison reform. In 1732 he… …   Universalium

  • Oglethorpe, James (Edward) — (22 dic. 1696, Londres, Inglaterra–30 jul. 1785, Cranham Hall, Essex). Militar inglés. Tras integrar el ejército inglés entre 1712 y 1722, se incorporó al parlamento, donde llegó a interesarse por la reforma penitenciaria. En 1732 obtuvo la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • OGLETHORPE, JAMES EDWARD —    English general, born in London; served in the Marlborough wars, sat in Parliament for several years, conceived the founding of a colony for debtors in prison, and founded Georgia; returning to England, fought against the Pretender, and died… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • James Edward Oglethorpe — James Edward Oglethorpe, según una representación sita en el Capitolio del Estado de Georgia. James Edward Oglethorpe (22 de diciembre de 1696 – 30 de junio de 1785) fue un General y filántropo inglés, considerado el fundador del Estado de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • James Edward Oglethorpe — James Oglethorpe Naissance 22 décembre 1696 Londres Décès 30 juin 1785 Grade Général …   Wikipédia en Français

  • James Edward Oglethorpe — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James — James, Henry James, Henry James, William * * * (as used in expressions) Agee, James Anderson, (James) Maxwell Audubon, John James Baldwin, James (Arthur) Balfour (de Whittingehame), Arthur James, 1 conde Ballard, J(ames) G(raham) Barrie, Sir… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Oglethorpe University — ▪ university, Atlanta, Georgia, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Atlanta, Georgia, U.S. The university comprises nine divisions offering undergraduate study in the humanities, business, sciences, and… …   Universalium

  • Edward — /ed weuhrd/, n. 1. Prince of Wales and Duke of Cornwall ( The Black Prince ), 1330 76, English military leader (son of Edward III). 2. Lake, a lake in central Africa, between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo: a source of the Nile.… …   Universalium

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