Nusaybin


Nusaybin

Turkey
formerly  Nisibin  

      town, southeastern Turkey. The town is situated on the Görgarbonizra River where it passes through a narrow canyon and enters the plain. Nusaybin faces the Syrian town of Al-Qāmishlī and is 32 miles (51 km) south-southeast of Mardin. Strategically commanding the entrance to the upper Syrian plains from the mountain passes of Asia Minor, Nusaybin—then called Nisibis—was a frontier outpost of the Assyrian empire. Captured from the Armenian king Tigranes I the Great by the Roman Lucius Licinius Lucullus in 68 BC, it changed hands intermittently in the Roman-Parthian struggles, was conquered by the Persians in the 5th century, and was then taken by the Arabs about 640. It continued to prosper under the caliphs until the Mongol invasions of the 13th century. It finally declined as a result of invasions and internal troubles. A North African traveler, Ibn Baṭṭūṭah, who passed through in the 14th century, saw it in a state of decline that he attributed to the compulsory substitution of wheat for fruit crops.

      Nusaybin was also a major centre of trade in antiquity and retains some significance for its position on the upper trade routes from Mosul, Iraq, 120 miles (190 km) southeast, and its location on the Istanbul-Baghdad railway. Pop. (2000) 74,110.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nusaybin —   District   …   Wikipedia

  • Nusaybin — Nisibe Ruine de l église Saint Jacob à Nusaybin. Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nusaybin —   [ sai̯ ], Stadt in der Provinz Mardin in Südostanatolien, Türkei, 511 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 45 200 Einwohner (1960: 5 000 Einwohner); türkische Grenzstation (zu Syrien) an der Bagdadbahn …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Nusaybin — Vorlage:Infobox Ort in der Türkei/Wartung/Landkreis Nusaybin Hilfe zu Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nusaybin — Original name in latin Nusaybin Name in other language Antiocheia, Nasabina, Nisibin, Nisibis, Nissibine, Nusaybin, Nuseybin, Nuzajbin, Нузайбин State code TR Continent/City Europe/Istanbul longitude 37.0778 latitude 41.2178 altitude 471… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Nusaybin — is., öz. Mardin iline bağlı ilçelerden biri …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • Nusaybin railway station — Nusaybin Station statistics Coordinates 37°04′34″N 41°13′ …   Wikipedia

  • Nusaybin Ilcesi — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Nusaybin İlçesi Country and Admin Code TR.72.441966 TR …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Nisibe — Nusaybin Nusaybin Nisibe Ruine de l église Saint Jacob à Nusaybin. Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nisibis — Nusaybin Nusaybin Nisibe Ruine de l église Saint Jacob à Nusaybin. Administration …   Wikipédia en Français