Nusa Tenggara Timur


Nusa Tenggara Timur

English  East Nusa Tenggara 

      provinsi (province) of Indonesia that includes the eastern Lesser Sunda Islands of Sumba, Flores, Solor, Alor, Sawu, Roti, Semau, Adonora, Komodo, Rinca, Lomblen, and Pantar and the western half of Timor. The name Nusa Tenggara is Indonesian for “southeast islands.” The province fronts the Flores Sea to the northwest, the Banda Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the south, the Timor Sea and Timor Timur (East Timor) province to the east, and Sumba Strait to the west. Physiographically Nusa Tenggara Timur comprises the islands that encircle the Savu Sea.

      The islands that now compose the province formed part of the Majapahit empire of eastern Java in the 14th century and were included in the Muslim Mataram kingdom of Java in the 16th century. In the 17th and 18th centuries the Portuguese and the Dutch were in frequent conflict in the area, and Timor became a Dutch colony in 1859. The Japanese occupied Nusa Tenggara Timur during World War II. It was incorporated into the Republic of Indonesia in 1950.

      The islands in the province present a splintered topography of volcanic mountains that reach an elevation of 7,814 feet (2,382 m) at Mount Mandasawu on Flores and 7,962 feet at Mount Mutis on western Timor. The mountain peaks are lower on the islands in the northeastern part of the province. Coral atolls and reefs border much of the narrow coastal lowland. The islands have a long dry season, and there are few perennial streams and no major rivers. Sandalwood and eucalyptus woodlands, scrub, and grasslands are common.

      Agriculture is the main source of livelihood; the chief products include rice, corn (maize), coconuts, sandalwood, cotton, and coffee. Horses are raised, and deep-sea fishing is important. Industries include cotton spinning, weaving, dyeing, pharmaceutical production, and tanning. Road transport is confined mostly to the coastal lowlands on all the islands. The population is mostly Papuan and Malay, some of whom on Timor are Christians. Kupang on Timor is the provincial capital, and Ende on Flores is the other major town. Area 18,485 square miles (47,876 square km). Pop. (1990) 3,268,644; (1995 est.) 3,582,800.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nusa Tenggara Timur — Basisdaten Fläche: 47.876 km² Einwohner …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nusa Tenggara Timur — /nusə tɛŋˌgarə tiˈmʊə/ (say noohsuh teng.gahruh tee moouh) noun → East Nusa Tenggara …   Australian English dictionary

  • Nusa Tenggara Barat — Basisdaten Fläche: 20.177 km² Einwohner …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nusa Tenggara-Est — Nusa Tenggara oriental Nusa Tenggara oriental Carte montrant la province de Nusa Tenggara oriental (en vert) Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nusa Tenggara Est — Nusa Tenggara oriental Nusa Tenggara oriental Carte montrant la province de Nusa Tenggara oriental (en vert) Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nusa Tenggara oriental — Carte montrant la province de Nusa Tenggara oriental (en vert) Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nusa tenggara oriental — Carte montrant la province de Nusa Tenggara oriental (en vert) Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nusa Tenggara — Lage von Nusa Tenggara Nusa Tenggara (indonesisch Südostinseln ) ist der indonesische Teil der Kleinen Sunda Inseln. Nicht dazu gehört Osttimor, das seit 2002 ein eigener Staat ist. Zwischen 1975 und 1999 war Osttimor von Indonesien besetzt,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nusa Tenggara — /nusə tɛŋˈgarə/ (say noohsuh teng gahruh) noun an island group in Indonesia comprising the provinces Nusa Tenggara Barat and Nusa Tenggara Timur which form most of the Lesser Sunda Islands …   Australian English dictionary

  • Nusa Tenggara-Ouest — Nusa Tenggara occidental Nusa Tenggara occidental Carte de l’Indonésie mettant en évidence la province de Nusa Tenggara occidental (en vert clair) …   Wikipédia en Français


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