Nuri as-Said


Nuri as-Said

▪ Iraqi statesman

born 1888, Baghdad
died July 14, 1958, Baghdad
 Iraqi army officer, statesman, and political leader who maintained close ties with Great Britain and worked for Arab unity.

      Nuri was commissioned in the Turkish Army in 1909, when Iraq was a province of the Ottoman Empire. During World War I (1914–18) he participated in Ottoman military operations against the British. He was soon captured by the British, however, and in 1916 he joined the Sharīfian Arab army led by Amīr Fayṣal I, which Great Britain was supporting in a revolt against Ottoman rule in the Arab provinces; Nuri distinguished himself in battle. At the war's end Fayṣal established a short-lived Arab state, centred in Damascus, and Nuri served actively in its administration. After the French destroyed this state in 1920, Fayṣal became the first king of Iraq (1921). Nuri returned to occupy a number of influential positions, becoming prime minister in 1930. In this capacity Nuri negotiated a 20-year treaty with Great Britain that, although maintaining substantial British influence, granted independence to Iraq.

      Nuri served as prime minister on 14 different occasions, remaining faithful to two dominant policies: a pro-British attitude and support of the Hāshimite dynasty, which King Fayṣal represented until his death in 1933. Neither of these beliefs was shared by the rising generation of younger army officers, and at the beginning of World War II open conflicts developed. Nuri wished to support the British by declaring war against Germany and breaking off diplomatic relations with Italy. He was opposed by influential army officers, who in April 1941 supported a coup under the leadership of Rashid Ali. Nuri and the King fled into exile. The British defeated the government of Rashid Ali in open warfare; Nuri then returned to Iraq and served as prime minister under British sponsorship in 1941–44.

      Nuri maintained political order in Iraq while advocating a union of several Arab nations into a single state. Iraq became a charter member of the Arab League in 1945. Through tough and effective use of the police and the press, Nuri repressed critics of the Iraqi crown and eliminated opportunities for army intervention.

      Violent nationalist feeling in Iraq after World War II precluded renewal of the Anglo-Iraqi treaty, despite Nuri's ardent support. In 1955 the United States sponsored the Baghdad Pact, a mutual security agreement among Middle Eastern states, and Nuri saw Iraqi membership as a solution to the troublesome problem of the Anglo-Iraqi treaty. He hoped to induce other Arab states to join the pact and then assert leadership of the Arab unity movement and secure popular support in Iraq. Popular resentment against the West, however, had become too widespread for the Baghdad Pact to serve these ends. When Nuri sponsored an Arab union with Jordan in February 1958 (Jordan was closely allied with the West), Iraqi army units, under the leadership of Abdul Karim Kassem, overthrew the monarchy; Nuri was assassinated by a mob following the revolution of July 1958.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nuri as-Said — Nuri al Said 11th, 20th, 25th, 29th, 33rd, 36th, 42nd 45th Prime Minister of Iraq In office March 23, 1930 – November 3, 1932 December 25, 1938 – March 31, 1940 October 10, 1941 – June 4, 1944 November 21, 1946 March 29, 1947 January 6, 1949 …   Wikipedia

  • Nuri as-Said — (arabisch ‏نوري السعيد‎, DMG Nūrī as Saʿīd; * 1888 in Bagdad/Osmanisches Reich; † 15. Juli 1958 ebenda) war ein irakischer Politiker und zwischen 1930 und 1958 mehrmals Premierminister des Königreiches Irak. Besonders unter dem Regenten Abd… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nuri as-Said — Nuri as Said,   irakischer General und Politiker, * Bagdad 1888, ✝ (ermordet) ebenda 15. 7. 1958; Offizier der Armee des Osmanischen Reiches. Nach Gründung des Königreiches Irak vertrat er zunächst eine arabisch nationalistische Linie. Er war… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Nuri as-Said — Nouri Saïd Nouri Saïd (1888 1958) était un premier ministre irakien. Les accords Sykes Picot de mai 1916 prévoient un mandat français sur la Syrie et le Liban, et un mandat britannique sur la Palestine et l’Irak. La Grande Bretagne occupe donc… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nuri (name) — Nuri Language(s) Arabic Origin Meaning Arabic for my light (نور+ي) Nuri (also spelled Nouri or Noori, Arabic: نوري‎) is a name which may refer to: Given name Nuri Ba …   Wikipedia

  • Nuri (disambiguation) — Nuri is an Arabic word meaning light . It is used as both a personal name and place name.Places*Nuri an area in SudanForename*Nuri as Said (1888–1958) an Iraqi politician *Nuri Badran (1943 ) an Iraqi Minister of the Interior *Nuri Berköz (1889… …   Wikipedia

  • Nuri — bezeichnet die Pyramiden von Nuri nordöstlich vom Berg Barkal an der Ostseite des Nils Nuri ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Ali Akbar Nateq Nuri (* 1943), schiitischer Geistlicher Fazlollah Nuri (1842–1909), schiitischer Geistlicher… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Saïd — Said (auch Saïd oder Saeed; arabisch ‏سعيد‎, DMG Saʿīd) ist ein männlicher Vor und Nachname arabischer Herkunft. Er bedeutet glücklich oder der Glückliche. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Bekannte Namensträger 1.1 Vorname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Said — (auch Saïd oder Saeed; arabisch ‏سعيد‎, DMG Saʿīd) ist ein männlicher Vor und Nachname arabischer Herkunft. Er bedeutet glücklich oder der Glückliche. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Bekannte Namensträger 1.1 Vorname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Said — Said, Mohamed * * * (as used in expressions) Abu Said ibn Abi al Hasan Yasar al Basri Abu Muhammad Ali ibn Ahmad ibn Said ibn Hazm Nuri al Said Port Said Said ibn SulTan Sayyid Said Said ibn Yusuf al Fayyumi Said, Edward W(illiam) al ajj Umar ibn …   Enciclopedia Universal


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.