Nupe


Nupe

      people living near the confluence of the Niger (Niger River) and Kaduna (Kaduna River) rivers in west-central Nigeria. They speak a language of the Nupoid group in the Benue-Congo branch (Benue-Congo languages) of the Niger-Congo language family. The Nupe are organized into a number of closely related territorial groups, of which the Beni, Zam, Batache (Bataci), and Kede (Kyedye) are the most important. The Kede and Batache are river people, subsisting primarily by fishing and trading; the other Nupe are farmers, who grow the staple crops millet, sorghum, yams, and rice. Commercial crops include rice, peanuts (groundnuts), cotton, and shea nuts. The Nupe farmers practice shifting cultivation, using the hoe as their basic tool. Men do most of the farming, while women prepare and market the crops. Craftspeople including blacksmiths, brass smiths, weavers, and tailors operate through highly developed guild organizations. The Nupe are noted throughout Nigeria for glass beads, fine leather and mat work, brass trays, and fine cloth.

      The Nupe live in villages or towns ranging in size from a few families to several thousand people. Each village is governed by a chief, with the advice of a council of family heads. The chief controls community land resources, settles disputes, and organizes all large-scale cooperative activities. The indigenous Nupe kingdom was divided into four zones for purposes of government, with a series of ranked officials who owed allegiance to the king, the etsu Nupe. The Beni and the Kede both are organized as kingdoms within the greater Nupe kingdom. There are several titled classes above the commoners.

      Most Nupe are now Muslims, but many older rituals are still performed. The indigenous religion includes belief in a sky god, ancestral spirits, and spirits associated with natural objects.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Nupe — may refer to: the Nupe people the Nupe language the Nupe Kingdom See also NUPE. This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an internal link led you …   Wikipedia

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  • Nupe — /ˈnupeɪ/ (say noohpay) noun 1. an African people of western central Nigeria. 2. (plural Nupes or Nupe) a member of this people. 3. the language of this people, belonging to the Niger Congo family. –adjective 4. of or relating to this people or… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Nupe [1] — Nupe (Nyfe), einst der größte Vasallenstaat Sokotos, jetzt Provinz von Nordnigeria (s. Nigeria), an der Mündung des Binuë in den Niger, etwa 15,000 qkm groß mit (1901) 650,000 Einw. (echten Negern), 44 bis 45 auf 1 qkm. Das sehr fruchtbare Land… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Nupe [2] — Nupe, afrikan. Sprache, s. Nigersprachen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Nupe — Nupe, Fulbereich (Haussastaat) im westl. Sudan, zu beiden Seiten des Niger, südöstl. Vasallenstaat von Sokoto, seit 1897 unter brit. Schutzherrschaft (Nordnigeria); Industrie; Hauptort Bida …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Nupe — noun (plural Nupe or Nupes) Date: 1883 a member of a people of west central Nigeria; also the language of the Nupe people …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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