Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, Álvar


Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, Álvar

▪ Spanish explorer
born c. 1490, Extremadura, Castile [now in Spain]
died c. 1560, Sevilla, Spain

      Spanish explorer who spent eight years in the Gulf region of present-day Texas.

      Núñez was treasurer to the Spanish expedition under Pánfilo de Narváez that reached what is now Tampa Bay, Florida, in 1528. By September all but his party of 60 had perished; it reached the shore near present-day Galveston, Texas. Of this group only 15 were still alive the following spring, and eventually only Núñez and three others remained. In the following years he and his companions spent much time among nomadic Indians, serving as slaves in order to be cared for by them. Núñez later reported that he had pretended at times to be a healer in order to receive better treatment and more food from the Indians. Though he found only the gravest hardship and poverty during his wanderings, he made his way back to Mexico in 1536. He recounted his adventures in Naufragios . . . (1542; “Shipwrecks . . .”). He was later appointed governor of the province of Río de la Plata, and from November 1541 to March 1542 he blazed a route from Santos, Brazil, to Asunción, Paraguay. His power was usurped by a rebel governor, Domingo Martinez de Irala, who imprisoned him and had him deported to Spain (1545), where he was convicted of malfeasance in office and banished to service in Africa. His La relación y comentarios . . . (1555), describing his journey from Santos to Asunción, is a valuable geographic work.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, Álvar — ► (1500? 60) Explorador y conquistador español. Formó parte de la expedición de Pánfilo de Narváez a la Florida. Fue el primero que exploró Paraguay. Autor de Comentarios acerca de su gobierno en las tierras del Plata …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca — Monumento en Houston (Texas) Gobernador del Río de la Plata y del Paraguay 1542 – 154 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca —     Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca     Born at Jerez de la Frontera in Andalusia, Spain; dates of birth and death uncertain.     The family were originally peasants and called themselves Alhaja …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Núñez Cabeza de Vaca — Die Karte zeigt den Weg der Narváez Expedition bis zum Nov. 1528. Von der Insel Galveston durchquerten Cabeza de Vaca, Alonso del Castillo, Andres Dorantes und Estevanico den nordamerikanischen Kontinent in Begleitung von Indianern zu Fuß. Álvar… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Álvar núñez cabeza de vaca — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Núñez. Expédition Cabeza de Vaca Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca (né en …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cabeza de Vaca, Alvar Nuñez — • Born at Jerez de la Frontera in Andalusia, Spain; dates of birth and death uncertain Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca — Infobox Person image size = 200px caption = Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca birth name = birth date = 1490/1507 birth place = death date = 1557/1559 death place = death cause = resting place = resting place coordinates = residence = nationality =… …   Wikipedia

  • Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca — Die Karte zeigt den Weg der Narváez Expedition bis zum Nov. 1528. Von der Insel Galveston durchquerten Cabeza de Vaca, Alonso del Castillo, Andres Dorantes und Estevanico den nordamerikanischen Kontinent in Begleitung von Indianern zu Fuß. Álvar… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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