Nuku Hiva


Nuku Hiva

      volcanic island of the northwestern Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia, in the central South Pacific Ocean. Nuku Hiva is the Marquesas' principal island. It is also widely regarded as the most beautiful of the Marquesas. Its rugged wooded terrain rises to Mount Tekao (3,888 feet [1,185 metres]) and is drained by small streams. There is no coastal plain or fringing coral reef.

      The island has remains of numerous Polynesian stone house foundations, fortifications, and temples. First sighted by the French navigator Étienne Marchand in 1791, the island was named Madison Island by a U.S. naval officer, David Porter, who claimed it for the United States in 1813. France, however, annexed the Marquesas in 1842 and built a fort on the island. Nuku Hiva had a small sandalwood trade in the early 19th century and subsequently became a favoured stopping place for whalers. The narrow valleys are fertile and, under a warm and humid climate, yield copra and fruit for export. Hakapehi (Tai-o-hae), on the south coast, the main harbour and port, is the administrative seat for the Marquesas. Another harbour, Anaho Bay, is on the north coast. American writer Herman Melville (Melville, Herman) visited the region in the 1840s, and Nuku Hiva was the setting for his first novel, Typee (1846). Area 131 square miles (339 square km). Pop. (2002) 2,652.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nuku Hiva — – Taioahe Bucht Gewässer Pazifischer Ozean Inselgruppe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nuku Hiva — Vue satellite de la NASA Géographie Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nuku-Hiva — (commune) Nuku Hiva Administration Pays France Collectivité Polynésie française Code Insee abr. 98731 Code postal 98742 Maire Mandat en cours Benoît Ka …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nuku Hiva — es la más grande de las islas Marquesas, en la Polinesia Francesa. Está situada en el grupo norte del archipiélago. Sus coordenadas son: 8°52′S 140°6′O /  8.867, 140.1 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nuku-Hiva — la plus grande des îles Marquises (Polynésie française); 482 km²; 2 500 hab …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Nuku Hiva —   [nykyi va], die größte der Marquesasinseln, Französisch Polynesien, 482 km2, bis 1 185 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 1 500 Einwohner, mit Verwaltungssitz der Marquesasinseln, Taiohae …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Nuku Hiva — This article is about the island of Nuku Hiva. For the administrative commune which includes the island, see Nuku Hiva. Nuku Hiva …   Wikipedia

  • Nuku-Hiva — This article is about the administrative commune of Nuku Hiva. For the island of Nuku Hiva proper, see Nuku Hiva. Nuku Hiva Location of the commune (in red) within the Marquesas Islands …   Wikipedia

  • Nuku Hiva — geographical name island S Pacific in the Marquesas; largest in group area about 60 square miles (155 square kilometers), population 2100; chief town Taiohae …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Nuku Hiva Campaign — Part of the War of 1812 The American fleet off Nuku Hiva in 1813 …   Wikipedia


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