North West Company


North West Company

▪ Canadian company
      Canadian fur-trading company, once the chief rival of the powerful Hudson's Bay Company. The company was founded in 1783 and enjoyed a rapid growth. It originally confined its operations to the Lake Superior region and the valleys of the Red, Assiniboine, and Saskatchewan rivers but later spread north and west to the shores of the Arctic and Pacific oceans. It even penetrated the area then known as the Oregon Country, where it constructed posts in what are now the U.S. states of Washington and Idaho. Its wilderness headquarters was located first at Grand Portage on Lake Superior and after 1805 at Fort William (also on Lake Superior, at the site of the present city of Thunder Bay, Ont.).

      Competition with the Hudson's Bay Company became especially intense when that company established the colony of Assiniboia on the Red River (in present-day Manitoba) in 1811–12, across the North West Company's line of communications. A few years later, open conflict broke out, during which North West Company men destroyed the Red River (Red River Settlement) colony (see Seven Oaks Massacre) and Hudson's Bay Company men destroyed the North West Company post of Fort Gibraltar (located on the site of modern Winnipeg, Man.) and captured Fort William.

      Under pressure from the British government, the old North West Company and the Hudson's Bay Company were merged in 1821 under the name and charter of the latter company.

      The New North West Company, or XY Company, had a brief existence (1798–1804) as a competitor of the old North West Company before being absorbed by the latter.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • North West Company — Coat of Arms For the grocery chain, see The North West Company. The North West Company was a fur trading business headquartered in Montreal from 1779 to 1821. It competed with increasing success against the Hudson s Bay Company in what was to… …   Wikipedia

  • North West Company — Die North West Company (frz. Compagnie du Nord Ouest) war eine Handelskompanie für Pelze in Kanada. Sie wurde 1783 in Montreal gegründet und stand in Konkurrenz zur Hudson’s Bay Company. Die Spannungen zwischen beiden Unternehmen wurden so groß,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • North West Company —    Organized in 1795, by a number of merchants chiefly of Montreal, engaged in the fur trade. The first partners, or bourgeois, of the Company were Simon McTavish, Joseph Frobisher, John Gregory, William McGillivray, Angus Shaw, Roderick McKenzie …   The makers of Canada

  • North West Company Post — North West Company Fur Post U.S. National Register of Historic Places …   Wikipedia

  • The North West Company — For the fur trading company, see North West Company. North West Company Inc. Type Public (TSX: NWC) Industry …   Wikipedia

  • North American Company — This article is about the utility holding company broken up by the SEC in 1946. For other entities similarly named, see North American (disambiguation). The North American Company was a holding company incorporated in New Jersey on June 14, 1890 …   Wikipedia

  • North West Passage Territorial Park — The Northwest Passage Territorial Park is located at Gjoa Haven, on King William Island, Kitikmeot Region, Nunavut, Canada. The park consists of six areas that show in part the history of the exploration of the Northwest Passage and the first… …   Wikipedia

  • North-West Coast —    D Spanish influence delays colonization, 4; history of, affected by Russian occupation of Alaska, 4; by British trade interests by sea, 4; by North West Company, 4; by Hudson s Bay Company, 4; by Astorians, 4; unvisited by European navigators… …   The makers of Canada

  • North West Shelf Venture — leases and infrastructure The North West Shelf Venture, situated in the north west of Western Australia, is Australia s largest resource development project. It involves the extraction of petroleum (mostly natural gas and condensate) at offshore… …   Wikipedia

  • North-West Rebellion — Contemporary lithograph of the Battle of Fish Creek. Date March 26, 1885 May 12, 188 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.