nomos


nomos

▪ Greek philosophy
(Greek: “law,” or “custom”),plural  Nomoi,  

      in law, the concept of law in ancient Greek philosophy. The problems of political authority and the rights and obligations of citizens were a major concern in the thought of the leading Greek Sophists of the late 5th and early 4th centuries BC. They distinguished between nature (physis) and convention (nomos), putting laws in the latter category. Law generally was thought to be a human invention arrived at by consensus for the purpose of restricting natural freedoms for the sake of expediency and self-interest. This view of law as arbitrary and coercive was not conducive to social stability, however, and thus was amended by Plato and other philosophers, who asserted that nomos was, or at least could be, based upon a process of reasoning whereby immutable standards of moral conduct could be discovered, which could then be expressed in specific laws. The dichotomy between the negative and positive views of law was never actually resolved.

music
plural  Nomoi,  

      in music, class of traditional melodies used by ancient Greek epic singers, often with lyre accompaniment. The nomos was an important art form for professional soloists, especially in musical competitions. Nomoi were in three, five, or seven movements and originally in a single harmonia. There were no strophic repetitions.

      Nomoi were also performed on the kithara (lyre) and the aulos (double-piped oboe). Best known is the five-movement nomos depicting Apollo's victory over the dragon, played on an aulos at Delphi in 586 BC.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nomos — or Nomoi may refer to: Nome (Egypt), a subdivisions of Ancient Egypt Nome (Greece), the administrative division immediately below the peripheries of Greece (Greek: νομός, nomós; pl. νομοί, nomoí) law (Greek: νόμος, nómos; pl. νόμοι, nómoi). It is …   Wikipedia

  • Nomos — ist: in der Antike Bezeichnung einer sittlich gesellschaftlichen Norm, siehe Nomos (Antike) der griechischen Name eines altägyptischen Gaus, siehe Gau (Ägypten) ein griechischer Verwaltungsbezirk (Präfektur), siehe Nomos (griechischer Bezirk) ein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • nomos — nȍmos m DEFINICIJA 1. pov. pravn. ono što je dodijeljeno, pridijeljeno; običaj, red, zakon, moralni zakon, dužnost, pravni propis koji važi za sve 2. fil. pojavljuje se kao razlika prema prirodnom zakonu koji je općenit, dok je nomos dogovor,… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Nomos — (gr.), 1) Gesetz, Ordnung; wurde von den Philosophen späterer Zeiten als Gottheit aufgeführt u. dem Zeus als Beisitzer zugegeben; 2) die Tonleiter der alten Griechen, s.u. Tonsystem; 3) eine der ältesten metrischen Formen der Griechen, welche… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Nomos — (griech.), Name der Bezirke, in die jede der drei Hauptabteilungen Ägyptens, Ober , Mittel und Unterägypten, eingeteilt war, und über die je ein Nomarch als Statthalter gesetzt war. Im heutigen Königreich Griechenland ist N. (Nomarchie)… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Nomos — (grch.), Gesetz, Ordnung, Herkommen; Weise, Musikstück der alten Griechen, auf der Kithara oder Flöte vorgetragen; dann Verwaltungsbezirk im alten Ägypten und im heutigen Griechenland …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • nomos —    by Jonathan Roffe    Nomos is the name that Deleuze gives to the way of arranging elements whether they are people, thoughts or space itself that does not rely upon an organisation or permanent structure. It indicates a free distribution,… …   The Deleuze dictionary

  • nomos —    by Jonathan Roffe    Nomos is the name that Deleuze gives to the way of arranging elements whether they are people, thoughts or space itself that does not rely upon an organisation or permanent structure. It indicates a free distribution,… …   The Deleuze dictionary

  • Nomos — Nọ|mos 〈m.; , Nọ|moi〉 1. menschl. Gesetz, Ordnung 2. 〈Mus.〉 antike Weise, Melodiemodell für solistischen Vortrag [grch. „Brauch, Gesetz, Sangweise“] * * * Nọ|mos, der; , Nomoi [griech. nómos]: 1. (Philos.) menschliche Ordnung, von Menschen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Nomos — No|mos der; , Nomoi [ nɔmɔy] <aus gleichbed. gr. nómos, Plur. nómoi, eigtl. »das Zugeteilte« zu némein »austeilen, verwalten, lenken«>: 1. Gesetz, Sitte, Ordnung, Herkommen, Rechtsvorschrift (Philos.). 2. a) bestimmte Singweise in der… …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch


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