Nitti, Francesco Saverio


Nitti, Francesco Saverio

▪ prime minister of Italy
born July 19, 1868, Melfi, Italy
died Feb. 20, 1953, Rome
 Italian statesman who was prime minister for a critical year after World War I.

      After a career as a journalist and professor of economics, Nitti was elected deputy in 1904. A Left Liberal, he served as minister of agriculture, industry, and commerce in 1911–14 and as minister of the treasury in 1917–19. He succeeded Vittorio Emanuele Orlando, the wartime prime minister, in June 1919, in the midst of foreign and domestic crises involving Italian territorial claims disputed by other Allied countries and the economic and fiscal problems created by the war and demobilization. Nitti's adoption of the system of proportional representation (Aug. 15, 1919) resulted in large increases in the number of deputies elected by the Socialists (156) and the Christian Democrats, or Popolari (100), but he did not succeed in conciliating these parties, and an epidemic of strikes by industrial workers and disorders fomented by the new Fascist Party of Benito Mussolini undermined not only Nitti's government but the processes of democratic government itself. Nitti resigned on June 9, 1920. He was reelected to parliament in 1921 and served until 1924 but did not enter his name in the election of that year held by the new Fascist regime. For several years he remained in exile in France, devoting himself to writing.

      During World War II Nitti was arrested by the Germans (August 1943) and interned in Austria but was freed by the Allied victory in 1945. He became a senator of Italy in June 1948.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nitti, Francesco Saverio — (1868–1953)    One of the few politicians of national standing to emerge from the rural southern region of Basilicata (another is Emilio Colombo), Francesco Saverio Nitti entered politics in 1904 after a career as a university teacher of… …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • Nitti, Francesco Saverio — ► (1868 1953) Político italiano. Fundó el bloque de la Unión Democrática Nacional en 1946 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Francesco Saverio Nitti — Mandats 36e président du Conseil italien 23 juin  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Francesco Saverio Nitti — in der Bildmitte Francesco Saverio Nitti (* 19. Juli 1868 in Melfi; † 20. Februar 1953 in Rom) war Ministerpräsident Italiens vom 23. Juni 1919 bis zum 21. Mai 1920 und erneut vom 21. Mai 1920 bis zum 15. Juni 1920 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Francesco Saverio Nitti — Infobox Prime Minister name = Francesco Saverio Nitti order = 36th President of the Council of Ministers of Italy monarch = Victor Emmanuel III term start = June 23, 1919 term end = June 15, 1920 predecessor = Vittorio Emanuele Orlando successor …   Wikipedia

  • Nitti — Nitti, Francesco Saverio …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • NITTI (F. S.) — NITTI FRANCESCO SAVERIO (1868 1953) La carrière de Nitti se partage en deux périodes, coupées par la longue parenthèse du fascisme. Elle illustre, dans les idées et l’action de l’homme politique, les limites de la génération du post Risorgimento… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Francesco Fausto Nitti — (né à Pise le 2 septembre 1899, mort à Rome le 28 mai 1974) est un combattant de l antifascisme en Italie et en France. Il est parmi les fondateurs de plusieurs organisations de premier plan dans la lutte antifasciste. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nitti — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Francesco Saverio Nitti (1868–1953), italienischer Ministerpräsident Frank Nitti (1883 oder 1888–1943), italo amerikanischer Mafioso Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheid …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Francesco Crispi — Mandats 17e et 20e président du Conseil italien 29  …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.