Nicholas Of Lyra


Nicholas Of Lyra

▪ French biblical scholar
Latin  Nicolaus Lyranus  
born c. 1270, , Vieille-Lyre, Normandy
died Oct. 16/23, 1349, Paris

      author of the first printed commentary on the Bible and one of the foremost Franciscan theologians and influential exegetes (biblical interpreters) of the Middle Ages.

      Becoming a Franciscan c. 1300, by 1309 Nicholas was a professor at the Sorbonne, where he taught for many years. From 1319 he headed the Franciscans in France and in 1325 founded the College of Burgundy, Paris. Nicholas' chief work is his monumental 50-volume Postillae perpetuae in universam S. Scripturam (“Commentary Notes to the Universal Holy Scripture”), a commentary on the whole Bible that became a leading manual of exegesis. The importance of the Postillae lies in its emphasis on a literal, rather than a mystical or an allegorical, interpretation of Scriptures. Some scholars claim that the work had an important influence on Martin Luther (Luther, Martin).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nicholas of Lyra — • Exegete, author of postillae, insisted that the literal sense of Scripture is the foundation for any spiritual interpretation Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Nicholas of Lyra     Nicholas of Lyra …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Nicholas of Lyra — A page of Genesis in Postillae perpetuae... Basel, 1498: the first printed biblical exegesis: space has been left for a hand lettered red initial (a rubric) that was never added to this copy. Nicholas of Lyra (French: Nicolas de Lyre) (c.… …   Wikipedia

  • NICHOLAS, EDWARD° — NICHOLAS, EDWARD°, author of a famous 17th century plea in favor of the resettlement of the Jews in England. Entitled An Apology for the Honourable Nation of the Jews, and all the Sons of Israel, and published in London in 1648, it was translated …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Lyra viol — Viola da gamba engl.: Viol, ital.: Viola da gamba, frz.: Viole de gambe Klassifikation …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BIBLE — THE CANON, TEXT, AND EDITIONS canon general titles the canon the significance of the canon the process of canonization contents and titles of the books the tripartite canon …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • biblical literature — Introduction       four bodies of written works: the Old Testament writings according to the Hebrew canon; intertestamental works, including the Old Testament Apocrypha; the New Testament writings; and the New Testament Apocrypha.       The Old… …   Universalium

  • Versions of the Bible — • Article on versions of the Bible in the original languages and in translation. Grouped by source Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Versions of the Bible     Versions of the Bible …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Psalms — • The Psalter, or Book of Psalms, is the first book of the Writings , i.e. of the third section of the printed Hebrew Bible of today. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Psalms     Psalms …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • List of Biblical commentaries — This is an outline of exegesis. Discussed are the salient points of Jewish, patristic, medieval, and modern commentaries, starting with the Jewish writers. The topic starts with the Targums, Mishna, and Talmuds. While these are not regarded as… …   Wikipedia

  • List of biblical commentaries —  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed (1913). Commentaries on the Bible . Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.