National Day


National Day

▪ Chinese holiday
 holiday celebrated on October 1 to mark the formation of the People's Republic of China (China). The holiday is also celebrated by China's two special administrative regions: Hong Kong and Macau. Traditionally, the festivities begin with the ceremonial raising of the Chinese national flag (China, flag of) in Tiananmen Square in the capital city of Beijing. The flag ceremony is followed first by a large parade exhibiting the country's military forces and then by state dinners and, finally, fireworks displays, which conclude the evening celebrations. In 1999 the Chinese government expanded the celebrations by several days to give its citizens a seven-day vacation period similar to the Golden Week holiday in Japan. Often, the Chinese use this time to stay with relatives and to travel. Visiting amusement parks and watching special television programs centred on the holiday are also popular activities.

      On Oct. 1, 1949, Mao Zedong, the leader of the Red Army (communist forces), officially declared the formation of the People's Republic of China before a crowd of 300,000 in Tiananmen Square while waving the newly created Chinese flag. The declaration followed a civil war in which communist forces emerged victorious over the Nationalist government. On Dec. 2, 1949, at a meeting of the Central People's Government Council, the declaration to formally adopt October 1 as National Day was ratified by the First National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • National Day — Independence or Death, famous painting from Pedro Américo that celebrates the Independence Day of Brazil. The National Day is a designated date on which celebrations mark the nationhood of a nation or non sovereign country. This nationhood can be …   Wikipedia

  • national day — noun : a day having significance for and usually celebrated throughout a nation the 26th is a national day of mourning and all activities cease Stamps specifically : national holiday each colony tended to celebrate its own foundation day to the… …   Useful english dictionary

  • National Day — national holiday; Independence Day …   English contemporary dictionary

  • National Day — noun A day marking a countrys establishment as a sovereign entity, typically a celebration of its independence, revolution or former ruler …   Wiktionary

  • National Day —    See Roma Nation Day …   Historical dictionary of the Gypsies

  • National Day of Prayer — Observed by The United States of America Date First Thursday in May 2010 date May 6 …   Wikipedia

  • National Day Parade, 2008 — National Day Parade 2008 Organiser HQ GUARDS Chairperson: Tung Yui Fai Venue Marina Bay Theme Celebrating the Singapore Spirit Ev …   Wikipedia

  • National Day of the People's Republic of China — Observed by All of the  People s Republic of China including Hong Kong and Macau Type Historical …   Wikipedia

  • National Day Parade, 2007 — National Day Parade 2007 Organiser Singapore Combat Engineers Chairperson: Teo Jing Siong Venue Marina Bay Theme Celebrate Singapore: City of Possibilities …   Wikipedia

  • National Day Parade, 2005 — National Day Parade 2005 Organiser [[3rd Singapore Division]] Chairperson: BG Loh Wai Keong Venue Padang Theme 40 Years of Nation Building …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.