Nāṣer od-Dīn Shāh


Nāṣer od-Dīn Shāh

▪ Qājār shah of Iran
also spelled  Nasir Ad-din Shah  
born July 17, 1831, Tehrān, Iran
died May 1, 1896, Tehrān

      Qājār shah of Iran (1848–96) who began his reign as a reformer but became increasingly conservative, failing to understand the accelerating need for change or for a response to the pressures brought by contact with the Western nations.

      Although a younger son of Moḥammad Shāh, Nāṣer od-Dīn was named heir apparent through the influence of his mother. Serious disturbances broke out when he succeeded to the throne on his father's death in 1848, but these were quelled through the efforts of his chief minister, Mīrzā Taqī Khān (Taqī Khān, Mīrzā). Under Taqī Khān's influence, Nāṣer od-Dīn began his rule by instituting a series of needed reforms. Taqī Khān, however, was later forced from power by his enemies, who included Nāṣer od-Dīn's mother, and was disgraced, imprisoned, and finally murdered. In 1852 an attempt was made on Nāṣer od-Dīn's life by two Bābīs (members of a religious sect considered heretical); he responded with a fierce, cruel, and prolonged persecution of the sect.

      Unable to regain territory lost to Russia in the early 19th century, Nāṣer od-Dīn sought compensation by seizing Herāt, Afg., in 1856. Great Britain regarded the move as a threat to British India and declared war on Iran, forcing the return of Herāt as well as Iranian recognition of the kingdom of Afghanistan.

      Nāṣer od-Dīn was effective in certain areas. He curbed the secular power of the clergy, introduced telegraph and postal services, built roads, opened the first school offering education along Western lines, and launched Iran's first newspaper. He visited Europe in 1873, 1878, and 1889 and was impressed with the technology he saw there. In the later years of his rule, however, he steadfastly refused to deal with the growing pressures for reforms. He also granted a series of concessionary rights to foreigners in return for large payments that went into his own pockets. In 1872 popular pressure forced him to withdraw one concession involving permission to construct such complexes as railways and irrigation works throughout Iran. In 1890 he made an even greater error in granting a 50-year concession on the purchase, sale, and processing of all tobacco in the country, which led to a national boycott of tobacco and the withdrawal of the concession. This last incident is considered by many authorities to be the origin of modern Iranian nationalism. Increasingly unpopular among various Iranian factions, Nāṣer od-Dīn was assassinated in Tehrān by a fanatic.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Naser al-Din Shah Qajar —    Naser al Din Shah Qajar Shahanshah of Iran …   Wikipedia

  • Nāser ad-Dīn Schāh — fotografiert von Nadar …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Naser ad-Din Schah — Nāser ad Dīn Schāh fotografiert von Nadar Nāser ad Dīn Schah in späteren Jahren, Porträt von Antoin Sevruguin Nāser al D …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Naser al-Din Schah — Nāser ad Dīn Schāh fotografiert von Nadar Nāser ad Dīn Schah in späteren Jahren, Porträt von Antoin Sevruguin Nāser al D …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nāser ad-Dīn Schah — Nāser ad Dīn Schāh fotografiert von Nadar Nāser ad Dīn Schah in späteren Jahren, Porträt von Antoin Sevruguin Nāser al D …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nāser al-Dīn Schah — Nāser ad Dīn Schāh fotografiert von Nadar Nāser ad Dīn Schah in späteren Jahren, Porträt von Antoin Sevruguin Nāser al D …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Naser ed-Din — Nasseredin Shah  Pour l’article homonyme, voir an Nasir.  Nasseredin Shah photographié par Nadar. Nasser al Din Shah Qajar (en …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Naser al-Din — Retrato de Naser al Din Sah Kayar Naser al Din Sah Kayar (Tabriz, 16 de julio de 1831 – Teheran, 1 de mayo de 1896) fue un rey de la dinastía Kayar y Sah de Persia entre el 17/9/1848 y el 1/5/1896, día en que murió asesinado. Sucedio en el trono… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nāsir al-Dīn Shah — or Nāser od Dīn Shah born (b. July 17, 1831, Tehrān, Iran died May 1, 1896, Tehrān Qājār dynasty shah of Iran (1848–96) who began his reign as a reformer but became increasingly conservative. Domestically, he curbed the power of the clergy in… …   Universalium

  • Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar —    Mozaffar ad Din Shah Qajar Shahanshah of Persia …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.