narrow-mouthed toad


narrow-mouthed toad

 any amphibian of the family Microhylidae, which includes 10 subfamilies and more than 60 genera and more than 300 species. Narrow-mouthed toads are found in North and South America, Africa, Asia, and Australia. Many are small, stocky, and smooth skinned with short legs, small heads, pointed snouts, and narrow mouths. They live on land, underground, or in trees and are generally secretive in nature. Most species are less than 8 cm (3 inches) long.

      The eastern narrow-mouthed toad, Gastrophryne carolinensis, is a small, terrestrial microhylid of the United States. It is gray, reddish, or brown with darker stripes, spots, or blotches. The Mexican narrow-mouthed toad, or sheep frog (Hypopachus cuneus), is similar but is larger and has a yellow stripe on its back. It hides in burrows, pack rat nests, or, as does the eastern narrow-mouth, under objects lying on the ground.

      A variety of microhylids are found in Asia and Africa. The genus Breviceps (rain frogs) includes a number of plump, short-faced, African species. These live and breed on land. B. gibbosus is a burrowing South African form that is traditionally thought to control the coming of rain.

      Among the Asian microhylids are Glyphoglossus molossus, a pug-nosed native of southeastern Asia, and Kaloula pulchra, a frequent visitor to gardens in Indochina. The African genus Phrynomerus (sometimes separated as the family Phrynomeridae) includes about five species of arboreal frogs; P. bifasciatus is a black and red, striped form whose skin secretions are strong enough to irritate human skin.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • narrow-mouthed toad — ˈ ̷ ̷(ˌ) ̷ ̷ˌ ̷ ̷ noun : a toad of the family Brevicipitidae …   Useful english dictionary

  • eastern narrow-mouthed toad — noun small toad of southeastern United States • Syn: ↑Gastrophryne carolinensis • Hypernyms: ↑frog, ↑toad, ↑toad frog, ↑anuran, ↑batrachian, ↑salientian …   Useful english dictionary

  • western narrow-mouthed toad — noun small secretive toad with smooth tough skin of central and western North America • Syn: ↑Gastrophryne olivacea • Hypernyms: ↑frog, ↑toad, ↑toad frog, ↑anuran, ↑batrachian, ↑salientian …   Useful english dictionary

  • toad frog — noun any of various tailless stout bodied amphibians with long hind limbs for leaping; semiaquatic and terrestrial species • Syn: ↑frog, ↑toad, ↑anuran, ↑batrachian, ↑salientian • Derivationally related forms: ↑batrachian ( …   Useful english dictionary

  • Kalinga Narrowmouth Toad — Taxobox name = Kalinga Narrowmouth Toad status = VU | status system = IUCN3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Amphibia ordo = Anura familia = Microhylidae genus = Kaloula species = K. kalingensis binomial = Kaloula kalingensis… …   Wikipedia

  • Bicol Narrowmouth Toad — Taxobox name = Bicol Narrowmouth Toad status = NT | status system = IUCN3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Amphibia ordo = Anura familia = Microhylidae genus = Kaloula species = K. kokacii binomial = Kaloula kokacii binomial… …   Wikipedia

  • Microhyla — achatina Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia …   Wikipedia

  • Anura — ▪ amphibian order Introduction also called  Salientia    one of the major extant orders of the class Amphibia (amphibian). It includes the frogs (frog) and toads (toad), which, because of their wide distribution, are known by most people around… …   Universalium

  • Gastrophryne — noun primarily tropical narrow mouthed toads • Syn: ↑genus Gastrophryne • Hypernyms: ↑amphibian genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Microhylidae, ↑family Microhylidae, ↑Brevicipitidae, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • genus Gastrophryne — noun primarily tropical narrow mouthed toads • Syn: ↑Gastrophryne • Hypernyms: ↑amphibian genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Microhylidae, ↑family Microhylidae, ↑Brevicipitidae, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary


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