Nakasone Yasuhiro


Nakasone Yasuhiro

▪ prime minister of Japan
born May 27, 1918, Takasaki, Japan
 
 Japanese politician, leader of the Liberal-Democratic Party (Liberal-Democratic Party of Japan) (LDP; 1982–89), and prime minister of Japan (1982–87).

      The son of a wealthy lumber dealer, Nakasone graduated (1941) from Tokyo Imperial University (now University of Tokyo) and served as a lieutenant in the imperial navy during World War II. At war's end he was a distant witness of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima. In 1947 Nakasone was elected to the lower house of the Diet (parliament), becoming one of the youngest persons ever to hold a seat in that body. He retained his seat in every subsequent election and successively held several cabinet posts, including that of transport (1967–68), defense (1970–71), and international trade and industry (1972–74).

      After Prime Minister Suzuki Zenko resigned (October 1982), Nakasone, an ally of the powerful Tanaka Kakuei, won a four-way contest to become the president of the LDP and thus, by reason of that party's dominance, prime minister of Japan. He was formally elected prime minister by the Japanese Diet in November 1982. The political opposition was able to force early parliamentary elections in December 1983. The LDP lost its absolute majority, but Nakasone kept his office by forming a coalition cabinet.

      As prime minister, Nakasone sought to strengthen Japan's ties with the United States by increasing Japan's contribution to its own defense and by lowering Japanese trade barriers to American goods. His efforts to increase defense spending aroused considerable controversy in Japan. Outspokenly patriotic, Nakasone tried to enhance Japan's reputation as one of the world's leading economic powers by making frequent overseas trips to confer with Japan's allies. On the domestic scene, he sponsored a program of government austerity measures in an effort to reduce Japan's public debt.

      In October 1984 Nakasone was reaffirmed as president of the LDP, thus gaining a second term as prime minister. The Japanese economy continued its sustained growth under his administration, and by the end of Nakasone's second term Japan had become the world's largest creditor nation and had begun to rival the power of the United States in the world economy.

      Though the LDP remained in power, Nakasone was not granted a third term. Infighting led him to choose his own successor: Takeshita Noboru. Because he continued to wield great power within the party, Nakasone in May 1989 was forced to resign formally from the LDP—though he remained in the Diet—after Prime Minister Takeshita and others in the LDP were implicated in an influence-peddling scandal. He rejoined the LDP in April 1991.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nakasone Yasuhiro — (1983) Nakasone Yasuhiro (jap. 中曽根 康弘; * 27. Mai 1918 in Takasaki, Japan) ist ein japanischer LDP Politiker, der vom 27. November 1982 bis zum 6. November …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nakasone Yasuhiro — Yasuhiro Nakasone Pour les articles homonymes, voir Yasuhiro. Yasuhiro Nakasone (à gauche) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Yasuhiro Nakasone — 71.º, 72.º y 73.º primer ministr …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nakasone — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Hirofumi Nakasone (* 1945), japanischer Politiker (Staatsminister) Nakasone Yasuhiro (* 1918), japanischer Politiker (Premierminister) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unters …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nakasone — Nakasone,   Yasuhiro, japanischer Politiker, * Takasaki 27. 5. 1917; wurde 1947 Abgeordneter, war 1967 74 mehrfach Minister (u. a. 1972 74 für Außenhandel und Industrie), 1974 76 Generalsekretär der Liberaldemokratischen Partei (LDP), 1982 87… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Yasuhiro Nakasone — In this Japanese name, the family name is Nakasone . Yasuhiro Nakasone 中曾根 康弘 Prime Minister of Japan In office 27 N …   Wikipedia

  • Yasuhiro Nakasone — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Yasuhiro. Yasuhiro Nakasone 中曾根 康弘 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Yasuhiro Nakasone — Dieser Artikel wurde auf den Seiten der Qualitätssicherung des Projektes Politiker eingetragen. Hilf mit, ihn zu verbessern, und beteilige dich an der Diskussion! Folgendes muss noch verbessert werden: siehe QS Diskussionsseite Ticketautomat… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nakasone Hirofumi — Hirofumi Nakasone (jap. 中曽根 弘文, Nakasone Hirofumi; * 28. November 1945 in Takasaki, Präfektur Gunma) ist ein japanischer Politiker der Liberaldemokratischen Partei (LDP), Abgeordneter des Sangiin, dem Oberhaus, und seit 25. September 2008… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nakasone-Faktion — Das Seisaku Kagaku Kenkyūjo (jap. 政策科学研究所, dt. „Wissenschaftliches Forschungsinstitut für Politik“) war bis 1999 eine Faktion der japanischen Liberaldemokratischen Partei (LDP). Nach seinen Vorsitzenden wurde es auch als Nakasone Faktion,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.