Nahāvand, Battle of

▪ Iranian history
Nahāvand also spelled  Nahāwand  or  Nehavend 

      (AD 642), military clash in Iran between Arab and Sāsānian (Sāsānian dynasty) forces that was a major turning point in Iranian history. The battle ended in disastrous defeat for the Sāsānian armies and paved the way for the Arab conquest, which resulted in the Islamization of Iran.

      At Nahāvand some 30,000 Arab troops, under the command of Nuʿmān, attacked a Sāsānian army alleged to number 150,000 men. The Sāsānian troops, commanded by Fīrūzan, were entrenched in a strong fortified position. After an indecisive skirmish, Nuʿmān pretended to be defeated and withdrew from the battlefield. Fīrūzan then abandoned his position and pursued his foe. The pursuit proved to be a major tactical error because the Sāsānians were forced to fight on unfavourable ground; the Sāsānian army, caught between two mountain defiles, was massacred by the Arabs. Both Nuʿmān and Fīrūzan died in the battle, and Iranian casualties were said to number 100,000.

      After the battle the Arabs consolidated their position, and by 651, with the death of Yazdegerd III, the last Sāsānian emperor, their conquest of Iran was completed.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Battle of Ayn al-Tamr — Battle of Ein ul tamr Part of Islamic conquest of Persia and Campaigns of Khalid ibn al Walid Date 633 AD Location Iraq …   Wikipedia

  • Nahavand — For the administrative subdivision, see Nahavand County. Nahavand نهاوند   city   …   Wikipedia

  • Iran, ancient — Introduction also known as  Persia        historic region of southwestern Asia that is only roughly coterminous with modern Iran. The term Persia was used for centuries, chiefly in the West, to designate those regions where Persian language and… …   Universalium

  • Afghanistan — /af gan euh stan /, n. a republic in central Asia, NW of India and E of Iran. 23,738,085; 250,000 sq. mi. (647,500 sq. km). Cap.: Kabul. * * * Afghanistan Introduction Afghanistan Background: Afghanistan s recent history is characterized by war… …   Universalium

  • Yazdegerd III — ▪ Sāsānian king died , 651, Merv, Sāsānian Empire       the last king of the Sāsānian dynasty (reigned 632–651), the son of Shahryār and a grandson of Khosrow II.       A mere child when he was placed on the throne, Yazdegerd never actually… …   Universalium

  • Muslim conquest of Persia — Part of the Muslim conquests Mounted Persian knight, Taq e Bostan, Iran …   Wikipedia

  • Medes — Mede redirects here. For the town in Italy, see Mede, Lombardy. Median Empire or Median Confederation Mādai ← …   Wikipedia

  • House of Karen — The House of Karen (also Karen Pahlevi , Karan , Kiran , Qaran and Qaren ) were an aristocratic feudal family of Hyrcania (Gorgan). The seat of the house lay at Nahavand, about 65 km south of Ecbatana (present day Hamadan, Iran).The Karenas,… …   Wikipedia

  • List of conflicts in the Near East — This article is about past conflicts in the Near East. For modern conflicts, see List of modern conflicts in the Middle East. A geographical map showing territories commonly considered part of the Near East. The area known as the Near East is… …   Wikipedia

  • Umar — For other uses, see Omar (disambiguation). Umar ibn al Khattab Caliph Umar s empire at its peak, 644 Al Farooq Reign …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”