Murad III

Murad III

▪ Ottoman sultan
born July 4, 1546, Manisa, Ottoman Empire [now in Turkey]
died Jan. 15/16, 1595, Constantinople [now Istanbul]

      Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) sultan in 1574–95 whose reign saw lengthy wars against Iran and Austria and social and economic deterioration within the Ottoman state.

      Externally Murad continued the military offensive of his predecessors. He took Fez (now Fès, Mor.) from the Portuguese in 1578. He fought an exhausting war against Iran (1578–90), which extended his rule over Azerbaijan, Tiflis (now Tbilisi, Georgia), Nahāvand, and Hamadān (Hamadan) (now in Iran). In Europe he began a long war against Austria (1593–1606), which saw an alliance in 1594 of the Ottoman vassal rulers of Moldavia, Transylvania, and Walachia with Austria in defiance of Ottoman authority.

      Murad came under the influence of the women in his harem and of his courtiers, and he ignored the advice of the brilliant grand vizier (chief minister) Mehmed Sokollu (Sokollu, Mehmed Paşa), who was assassinated in 1579. Under Murad, nepotism, heavy taxes necessitated by the long wars, and inflation, aggravated by the influx of cheap South American silver from Spain, all contributed to the decline of the major Ottoman administrative institutions. The tımar (fief) system suffered dislocation when the peasants, because of high taxes, were forced to leave their lands. The highly effective Janissary corps (elite forces), because of a policy of indiscriminate recruitment, degenerated into a body of ruffians that threatened the urban and rural populations.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Murad III. — Murad III. Murad III. (* 1546; † 1595) war 1574 bis 1595 Sultan des Osmanischen Reiches. Murad war der älteste Sohn von Selim II. und folgte seinem Vater am 12. Dezember 1574 auf dem Thron. Die Reichsgeschäfte wurden weiterhin von dem mächtigen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Murad III — (4 de julio de 1546 – 15 de enero de 1595) rigió como sultán del Imperio otomano desde 1574 hasta su muerte. Era el hijo mayor del sultán Selim II y su concubina Nurbanu (Genevieve Rachel) y sucedió a su padre en 1574. Su ascensión marca el …   Wikipedia Español

  • Murad III — (1546 1595) 12e sultan ottoman (1574 1595), fils de Selim II. Son armée enleva l Azerbaïdjan et le Daghestan à la Perse (1578 1590) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Murad III —    Murad III His Imperial Majesty Grand Sultan, Commander of the Faithful and Successor of the Prophet of the Lord of the Universe …   Wikipedia

  • Murad III — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Murad. Murad III peint par un artiste espagnol du XVIIe siècle Murad …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Murad III — Murat III (4 de julio de 1546 – 15 de enero de 1595) rigió como sultán del Imperio Otomano desde 1574 hasta su muerte. Era el hijo mayor del sultán Selim II y su concubina Nurbanu (Cecilia Venier Baffo,Sofía Baffa o Safiyya Baffo) y sucedió a su… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Murad — ist ein männlicher Vorname, der in mehreren Sprachen vorkommt. Er kann auch Familienname sein. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Bedeutung 2 Varianten 3 Bekannte Namensträger 3.1 Fiktion …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Murad I —    Murad I Ottoman Sultan …   Wikipedia

  • Murad IV —    Murad IV Ottoman Sultan Caliph …   Wikipedia

  • Murad II — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Murad. Murad II Murad II (turc : Murat ou Murad) est né en juin 1404, il est le fils de Mehmed Ier, lui succéda comme sultan ottoman en 1421. Il est mort le 3 février  …   Wikipédia en Français

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