Morgenstern, Christian


Morgenstern, Christian

▪ German poet
born May 6, 1871, Munich, Ger.
died March 31, 1914, Meran, South Tirol, Austria-Hungary [now Merano, Italy]

      German poet and humorist whose work ranged from the mystical and personally lyrical to nonsense verse.

      Morgenstern had studied law at the universities of Breslau and Berlin when in 1893 he was diagnosed as having pulmonary tuberculosis, from which he ultimately died. He left school to travel and lived for a time in Norway, where he translated Henrik Ibsen's verse dramas with the collaboration of the author and also translated plays by such other Scandinavian playwrights as B.M. Bjørnson, Knut Hamsun, and August Strindberg. Morgenstern removed to Switzerland for his health, marrying Margarete Gosebruch there in 1908, and from 1910 lived in the South Tirol.

      Morgenstern's serious poetry, written first under the influence of Friedrich Nietzsche, includes In Phantas Schloss (1895; “In Phanta's Palace”), in which cosmic, mythological, and philosophical concepts are playfully combined; Ich und die Welt (1898; “I and the World”); Ein Sommer (1900; “One Summer”), which was written in Norway and celebrates physical beauty; and Einkehr (1910; “Introspection”) and Wir fanden einen Pfad (1914; “We Found a Path”), poems written under the influence of Buddhism and the anthroposophist Rudolf Steiner.

      Morgenstern's international reputation came from his nonsense verse, in which he invented words, distorted meanings of common words by putting them into strange contexts, and dislocated sentence structure, but always with a rational, satiric point. Volumes of nonsense verse include Galgenlieder (1905; “Gallows Songs”); Palmström (1910), named for an absurd character; and three volumes published posthumously: Palma Kunkel (1916), Der Gingganz (1919), and Die Schallmühle (1928; “The Noise Mill”), all collected in Alle Galgenlieder (1932).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Christian Otto Josef Wolfgang Morgenstern — Christian Morgenstern 1910 Christian Otto Josef Wolfgang Morgenstern (* 6. Mai 1871 in München; † 31. März 1914 in Meran, Villa Helioburg, Untermais) war ein deutscher Dichter, Schriftsteller und Übersetzer. Besondere Bekanntheit erreichte seine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Christian Morgenstern (Maler) — Christian Morgenstern, Gemälde von Friedrich Dürck …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Christian Ernst Bernhard Morgenstern — (29 September 1805 – 12 Februar 1867) was a German landscape painter. Morgenstern is regarded as one of the pioneers in Germany of early Realism in painting. He gained this reputation in Hamburg 1826 1829 together with his contemporary Adolph… …   Wikipedia

  • Christian Morgenstern — Christian Morgenstern. Christian Morgenstern ( 6 de mayo de 1871, Múnich – 31 de marzo de 1914, Merano) fue un poeta y escritor alemán. En 1881 murió su madre, Charlotte, de una enfermedad pulmonar, que Morgenstern heredaría de ella y qu …   Wikipedia Español

  • MORGENSTERN (C.) — MORGENSTERN CHRISTIAN (1871 1914) «Je me suis toujours ressenti comme double», note Christian Morgenstern dans un carnet. De fait, deux natures en apparence contradictoires coexistent en lui: celle du «chercheur de Dieu» et celle de l’humoriste.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Morgenstern [3] — Morgenstern, Christian, Landschaftsmaler, geb. 29. Sept. 1805 zu Hamburg, gest. 26. Febr. 1867 zu München, einer der frühesten Vertreter der romantischen und Stimmungslandschaft; Motive aus Oberbayern und dem Elsaß. – Sein Sohn Karl Ernst M., geb …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Christian Morgenstern — For other people named Christian Morgenstern, see Christian Morgenstern (disambiguation). Christian Morgenstern Born May 6, 1871(1871 05 06) Died …   Wikipedia

  • Christian Morgenstern — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Morgenstern. Christian Morgenstern (6 mai 1871 à Munich 31 mars 1914 à Merano) est un écrivain et poète allemand. Juriste formé à l’université de Breslau, il est l’inventeur, dans sa jeunesse, d’une… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Christian Morgenstern — 1910 Christian Morgenstern (* 6. Mai 1871 in München; † 31. März 1914 in Meran, Villa Helioburg, Untermais; vollständiger Name: Christian Otto Josef Wolfgang Morgenstern) war ein deutscher Dichter, Schriftsteller und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Morgenstern (Begriffsklärung) — Morgenstern bezeichnet: eine umgangssprachliche Bezeichnung für den Planeten Venus die biblische Beschreibung für Jesus Christus eine Bezeichnung für Luzifer eine katholische Beschreibung für Maria (Mutter Jesu) eine mittelalterliche Waffe, siehe …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.