Moore, George


Moore, George

▪ Irish writer
in full  George Augustus Moore 
born Feb. 24, 1852, Ballyglass, County Mayo, Ire.
died Jan. 21, 1933, London

      Irish novelist and man of letters. Considered an innovator in fiction in his day, he no longer seems as important as he once did.

      Moore came from a distinguished Catholic family of Irish landholders. When he was 21, he left Ireland for Paris to become a painter. Moore's Reminiscences of the Impressionist Painters (1906) vividly described the Café Nouvelle-Athènes and the circle of Impressionist painters who frequented it. Moore was particularly friendly with Édouard Manet, who sketched three portraits of him. Another account of the years in Paris, in which he introduced the younger generation in England to his version of fin de siècle decadence, was his first autobiography, Confessions of a Young Man (1888).

      Deciding that he had no talent for painting, he returned to London in 1882 to write. His first novels, A Modern Lover (1883) and A Mummer's Wife (1885), introduced a new note of French Naturalism into the English scene, and he later adopted the realistic techniques of Gustave Flaubert and Honoré de Balzac. Esther Waters (1894), his best novel, deals with the plight of a servant girl who has a baby out of wedlock; it is a story of hardship and humiliation illumined by the novelist's compassion. It was an immediate success, and he followed it with works in a similar vein: Evelyn Innes (1898) and Sister Teresa (1901).

      In 1901 Moore moved to Dublin, partly because of his loathing for the South African War, partly because of the Irish literary renaissance spearheaded by his friend, the poet William Butler Yeats. In Dublin he contributed notably to the planning of the Abbey Theatre. He also produced The Untilled Field (1903), a volume of fine short stories reminiscent of Ivan Turgenev that focus on the drudgery of Irish rural life, and a short, poetic novel, The Lake (1905). The real fruits of his life in Ireland, however, came with the trilogy Hail and Farewell (Ave, 1911; Salve, 1912; Vale, 1914). Discursive, affectionate, and satirical by turns, it reads like a sustained monologue that is both a carefully studied piece of self-revelation and an acute (though not always reliable) portrait gallery of his Irish acquaintance, which included Yeats, Æ, and Lady Gregory. Above all it is a perfectly modulated display of the comic spirit.

      The increasing narrowness of the Irish mind, politics, and clericalism had sent Moore back to England in 1911. After Hail and Farewell he made another literary departure: aiming at epic effect he produced The Brook Kerith (1916), an elaborate and stylish retelling of the Gospel story that is surprisingly effective despite some dull patches. He continued his attempts to find a prose style worthy of epic theme in Héloïse and Abélard (1921). His other works included A Story-Teller's Holiday (1918), a blend of autobiography, anecdote, Irish legend, and satire; Conversations in Ebury Street (1924), autobiography; The Pastoral Loves of Daphnis and Chloe (1924); and Ulick and Soracha (1926), an Irish legendary romance.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Moore,George — Moore, George. 1852 1933. Irish writer whose works include poetry, drama, criticism, and novels, such as Esther Waters (1894). * * * …   Universalium

  • Moore, George — ► (1852 1933) Novelista y poeta irlandés. Su obra está influida por el naturalismo francés. Autor de Confesiones de un joven (1888) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Moore, George — (b. 1857)    Novelist, playwright, and art critic. Flowers of Passion (verse) (1877), A Mummer s Wife (1884), Literature at Nurse (1885), Vain Fortune (1890), Ideals in Ireland (1891), Modern Painting (1893), Esther Waters (1894), The Bending of… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • MOORE, GEORGE FOOT° — (1851–1931), U.S. teacher of religion. Moore graduated from Yale in 1872 and from Union Theological Seminary in 1877, was ordained to the Presbyterian ministry in 1878, and became professor of Hebrew at Andover Theological Seminary in 1883. In… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Moore,George Edward — Moore, George Edward. 1873 1958. British philosopher whose theories, presented in Principia Ethica (1903) and other works, influenced 20th century epistemology and linguistic analysis. * * * …   Universalium

  • Moore, George Edward — (1873–1958) British philosopher, and one of the founders of analytical philosophy. Moore was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge. He was a lecturer at Cambridge from 1911, professor from 1925 to 1939, and the editor of Mind from 1921 to 1947.… …   Philosophy dictionary

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  • George Moore (novelist) — George Augustus Moore (24 February 1852 – 21 January 1933) was an Irish novelist, short story writer, poet, art critic, memoirist and dramatist. Moore came from a Roman Catholic landed family. He originally wanted to be a painter, and studied art …   Wikipedia

  • George Fletcher Moore — (10 December 1798 – 30 December 1886) was a prominent early settler in colonial Western Australia, and one [of] the key figures in early Western Australia s ruling elite (Cameron, 2000). He conducted a number of exploring expeditions; was… …   Wikipedia


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